Search Results

Beinin, Joel

Communism is a twentieth-century ideology professing to be based on the thought of Karl Marx, Vladimir I. Lenin, and, in some varieties, Mao Zedong. It is an atheistic doctrine, equally antagonistic to all forms of organised religion, including Islam, but many practising Muslims and individuals

Series:

Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson

The Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam appears in four substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.
This Part 2014-4 of the Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam will contain 49 new articles, reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship in the fields of Islamic Studies.

van Dijk, Kees

The dissemination of communism, and of left-wing thought and activism more generally, in Indonesia has both indigenous and Dutch roots. The Indonesian Communist Party was the oldest communist party in Asia. Before 1945, its history was closely linked to that of the Islamic nationalist movement. Due

Series:

Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson

The Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam appears in substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.
This Part 2018-1 of the Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam will contain 73 new articles, reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship in the fields of Islamic Studies.

Ghodsee, Kristen

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Eastern Europe are a relatively new phenomenon, appearing only after the collapse of Communism in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the countries and regions where there are significant Muslim populations: Bulgaria, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, and

Massignon, L.

(ḳarmaṭī, plur. ḳarāmiṭa: Carmathians). In the strict application of the word, the name was given to the rebel federations of Arabs and “Nabataeans”, which were organised in Lower Mesopotamia after the servile war of the Zand̲j̲ [q.v.] from 264 (877) and based on a system of communism into which

Ghodsee, Kristen

The term “sustainable development” has only been applied to the countries of Eastern Europe since the collapse of Communism in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and in many ways it is not applicable to the post-Communist context. Sustainable development implies an increase in the economic standard of

Foroughi, Payam

Though there is considerable variation across and within post-Soviet societies, it is fair to posit that gender has been a key element in determining status, health, and general well-being under post-Communism. Women are doing far worse than men in almost every wellness category. For example, it is

aimed at the abrogation of Muslim law and the introduction of a limited communism, so that Jews and Christians also took part in it. One of the leaders is said to have been a Jew, although his name, transmitted in different forms, Ṭurlaḳ Kamāl (Ṭorlaḳ: Hat or Hū) does not sound at all Jewish

Moch. Nur Ichwan

successor B.J. Habibie (21 May 1998-20 October 1999), MUI was also concerned with legitimising the position of the president. It was not until the term of Abdurrahman Wahid (20 October 1999-July 2001) that MUI distanced itself from the state, especially after Wahid suggested that communism might be