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Bertolt Brecht

Centenary Essays


Edited by Steve Giles and Rodney Livingstone

The publication of this volume of essays marks the centenary of the birth of Bertolt Brecht on 10 February 1898. The essays were commissioned from scholars and critics around the world, and cover six main areas: recent biographical controversies; neglected theoretical writings; the semiotics of Brechtian theatre; new readings of classic texts; Brecht’s role and reception in the GDR; and contemporary appropriations of Brecht’s work. This volume will be essential reading for all those interested in twentieth century theatre, modern German studies, and the contemporary reassessment of post-war culture in the wake of German unification and the collapse of Stalinist communism in Central and Eastern Europe.
The essays in this volume also address a variety of general questions, concerning - for example - authorship and textuality; the nature of Brecht’s Marxism in relation to his understanding of modernity, science and Enlightenment reason; Marxist aesthetics; radical cultural politics; and feminist performance theory.

Rudolf Klein

Communism, in 1991, the city hitherto called Lvov became part of the independent nation-state of Ukraine, changing its name to L’viv. The turbulent history with often changing borders in the ‘shadows of empires’ contributed to a diverse population in terms of ethnicity and confession, including the Jews


Jim Samson

This book asks how a study of many different musics in South East Europe can help us understand the construction of cultural traditions, East and West. It crosses boundaries of many kinds, political, cultural, repertorial and disciplinary. Above all, it seeks to elucidate the relationship between politics and musical practice in a region whose art music has been all but written out of the European story and whose traditional music has been subject to appropriation by one ideology after another. South East Europe, with its mix of ethnicities and religions, presents an exceptionally rich field of study in this respect. The book will be of value to anyone interested in intersections between pre-modern and modern cultures, between empires and nations and between culture and politics.

Gil Pasternak and Marta Ziętkiewicz

national segregation through engagement with radical political ideologies such as communism. Others accepted this form of exclusion, either because they were still able to practice their own ways of life, or because they were hoping to become a majority nation in a homeland of their own one day. 19 Such

Holly Edwards

communism and Soviet encroachment acquired a more charged and institutionalized religiosity, 41 the instrumental relationship between looking at images and strengthening religious community took other public forms as well. At once modest and monumental, the poster in figure 9 commemorates ­Ghulam Muhammad


Carter Vaughn Findley

of spreading democracy as opposed to Communism. In the early 1950s, social scientists and historians interested in the Middle East began to focus on Turkey and look for explanations of the contrast between Turkey’s democratizing trend and the wave of Arab “socialism” that seemed to be sweeping the

Benedict Cuddon

was widespread fear that states in the region were at risk of falling to Communism. As a result of these strategic concerns, the U.S. government had much at stake in the Middle East, and the desire to control the region’s oil resources and impose a degree of hegemony upon it became central to U


Carter Vaughn Findley

awaiting new occasions. At a time when accusations of “Jacobinism” flew about as easily as accusations of “Communism” did in the 1950s, it is not surprising that the Austrian envoy became the ringleader of the anti-Mouradgea campaign. Not only was he a servant of the Austrian emperor Franz II (r. 1792


Paul Bevan

of Communism Through Communist Jokes (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2008), p. 85. 31 See for example Xinhua ribao (1 March 1938) and (3 March 1938): both on the front cover. 32 See “Local Ban on ‘Vanity Fair’,” in the North-China Herald (14 August 1935): p. 264 and Louis Lozowick, William