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Draper, Theodore

radicalism into an appendage of a Russian revolutionary power.keywordsSoviet-American relations; communism; Comintern; Communist Party of the United States...

Haynes, John Earl

Bibliographic entry in Chapter 14: The United States and the Early Cold War, 1945-1961 | Bibliographies and Other Reference Works editorHaynes, John EarlimprintNew York: Garland, 1987.annotationThis guide includes sections on espionage, public attitudes toward the Soviet Union and communism

Toth, Charles W.

radical influences.keywordslabor; anti-Communism; AFL-CIO...

Draper, Theodore

leaders, and public records, this study shows how far-reaching and complete was Comintern influence in dictating party policy and leadership.keywordsSoviet-American relations; Comintern; communism; Commu...

Zumoff, Jacob A.

Bibliographic entry in Chapter 12: The United States, Europe, and Asia between the World Wars | U.S. Relations with Europe authorZumoff, Jacob A.imprintLeiden: Brill, 2014.annotationZumoff argues that the Comintern Americanized communism in the United States. Zumoff discusses the creation of the

Haynes, John Earl

American communism (as perceived by one of the scholarly protagonists), it also contains a section on the impact of recently declassified Soviet and U.S. intelligence records on recent scholarship conce...

Anderson, Michael J.

communism was a prominent issue and that Republican strategy regularly resorted to anticommunism as part of its campaign appeals.keywordsanti-communism; domestic politics; 1944 election...

Judging Criminal Leaders

The Slow Erosion of Impunity


Yves Beigbeder

In spite of the Geneva and The Hague Conventions of the late 19th century, the Twentieth Century has been a century of massacres and genocides: the massacres due to European colonialism, two World Wars, the Holocaust, the Armenian and the Rwanda genocides, the casualties caused by the Communist utopia in the USSR, China and Cambodia, and numerous civil wars.
Most of the leaders mainly responsible for these massacres and genocides have enjoyed impunity. However, there is a slow popular awakening to the fact that leaders should be accountable for their crimes. A human rights regime was created after World War II, international criminal law has taken root with the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals, and, in the 1990's with the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda. In 1998, the Statute for an International Criminal Court was adopted, while the arrest of former dictator Pinochet in London has created both a political storm and a judiciary advance. The "Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction" have been publicized in an effort to strengthen the application of international law in national legal systems. In Cambodia and Sierra Leone, mixed national/international courts are being set up to try criminal leaders.
This unique volume offers the reader an overview of the various models which are emerging to ensure that criminal leaders and their collaborators are made accountable for their schemes and actions, and clearly illustrates how national, international and mixed national/international tribunals are slowly eroding the impunity of criminal leaders.

Klehr, Harvey

Party and links between party leaders and the Soviet espionage apparatus. Half the volume focuses on the interwar period.keywordsSoviet-American relations; communism; Comintern; Communist Party of the...

Kiernan, Ben

became the Khmer Rouge. Kiernan extensively discusses the involvement of Vietnam, China, and the United States in Cambodia's history.keywordsCambodia; communism; Knmer Rouge; Pol Pot...