Meaning and Practice of Russification in Lithuania and Belarus after 1863
In the long 19th century the social sciences were rapidly developing. One of their popular research fields was national character. It was believed to manifest itself in high and rural culture, art and architecture, literature and history, forms of religiosity and philosophy, and – last but not least – in psychology. The present paper analyses scientific discourses referring to national, cultural and racial character of the “others” - identified mostly with the war enemy - in the years from 1914 to the mid-1920s. Its geographical range covers Eastern and Central Europe as well as (to a lesser extent) France, Great Britain and the USA. The author refers to the methods of historische Stereotypenforschung along with the discourse analysis and comparative history of science to describe not only the intellectual tools and motifs of the genre but also the interdependences between various sciences within and beyond every one of the countries under scrutiny.
Philology deals with language in written historical sources. Philologists usually combine literary criticism, history and language in some way, depending on their aims. During the nineteenth and most of the twentieth centuries one key objective has been to compare the existing copies of a text in order to come as close as feasible to the original. However, at the end of the twentieth century some scholars changed focus from the original toward the copy. The copy was seen as “a version” which contained information about a specific sociotextual context both according to scribes and readers. The physical and material context of a version also attracted more attention. Information about both the sociotextual and the physical context can be used by researchers to explain behaviours, thinking, and to discuss “what is said between the lines.” But to succeed philologists need to take an interdisciplinarity approach. We cannot understand manuscripts just from their content, we cannot ignore the historical and sociotextual context to which the manuscripts belonged. Our interpretation is based on a profound understanding of the period, its religion, politics, culture and arts. This chapter will give an insight into how philology can be combined with critical discourse analysis in order to contribute to understanding different religious contexts and gaps in historical explanations. The focus will be on vernacular manuscripts from the late Swedish Middle Ages.
Discursive Practices that Limit Democratic Participation in Latvian Politics
Edited by Maria Golubeva and Robert Gould
Kamrul Hossain and Anna Petrétei
. Standlea David M. , Oil, Globalization, and the War for the Arctic Refuge ( State University of New York Press , United States , 2006 ). Suopajärvi Leena , “ The right to mine? – Discourse analysis of social impact assessments of mining projects in Finnish Lapland in the 2000s ,” in: Barents Studies
region’s hydrocarbon resources. Based on an analysis of the national Arctic strategies of the eight Arctic states, this section will show that the exploitation of the region’s hydrocarbon resources is promoted by all Arctic states. A discourse analysis of the ministerial meeting reports from the Arctic