have traditionally reported that except for prostitution and witchcraft, men were overwhelmingly charged with most of the petty crime in early modern England. 4 Since John Beattie’s early study of crime in Surrey and Sussex from 1660–1800 found that women accounted for just a third of all the
Adrienne L. Eastwood
Dogs were ubiquitous on urban streets in late medieval and Early Modern times. Reports suggest that more than five hundred dogs were killed in the Westminster parish of St Margaret’s as part of a plague prevention scheme in 1603. These were free-roaming dogs; many more populated the street scene. Certain itinerant tradesmen used dogs to accompany or help them, including bellmen, lantern carriers, tinkers, and knife-grinders. Butchers kept dogs to bait beasts before slaughter. Bigger households kept turnspit dogs, and ladies had lapdogs. Man and dog did not always enjoy a symbiotic relationship. Samuel Pepys mentions the irritation of being kept awake by a barking dog in his diary, and his experience was far from singular.
Noise was not the only concern. The fear of dog attack fueled a fashion for carrying walking sticks and canes. Many people were bitten, and some (mostly children) died. Many towns issued orders forbidding unmuzzled mastiffs or bitches on heat to “go abroad on the street,” particularly at night. In 1668 the Liverpool authorities ordered that all dogs “which can devour children or disturb others” be muzzled; seventeenth-century Manchester had a dozen officers responsible for enforcing a similar law. Many parishes employed dog-whippers to keep nuisance dogs out of congregations.
Using manorial and leet records, civic and borough documents, petitions, diocesan records, quarter sessions material, diaries and personal accounts, coroners’ reports, and trade company minutes, this chapter reveals the nuisances and dangers that dogs posed to people in late medieval and Early Modern English urban settlements. The key cities under study are London, Norwich, York, Portsmouth, Manchester, Southampton, and Oxford.
Edited by Alexandra F. Johnston and Wim Hüsken
»Ludus« intends to introduce those interested in literature, in the performing arts, or in history to the various aspects of theatre and drama from the Middle Ages and the Early Renaissance. It publishes books on closely defined topics, mostly seen from a comparative point of view.
Modern London Jillian Linster 157 Pacifism and Performance in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream John Garrison and Kyle Pivetti 180 A Tribe of Roaring Girls: Crime and Gender in Early Modern England Adrienne L. Eastwood 202
every where cover and eclipse the Sun-shine of all true learning & understanding but generally darken and extinguish the very light of common sense and reason.” 14 Cotta’s assessment hints at one major factor in the struggle to improve health care in early modern England. While the College of
Literature, 1500–1900 51, no. 2 (Spring 2011): 305–26. jstor . Fisher, Will. “Queer Money.” elh 66, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 1–23. jstor . Fissell Mary E. Vernacular Bodies: The Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern England . Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2004
John Garrison and Kyle Pivetti
): 221 – 47 . Hopgood Alison P. Passionate Playgoing in Early Modern England . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2014 . Jezer Marty . Abbie Hoffman: American Rebel . New Brunswick : Rutgers University Press , 1993 . Kramer Michael J. The
been the only measure used. Alpay Özdural, “Sinan’s Arşın: A Survey of Ottoman Architectural Metrology,” Muqarnas 15 (1998): 101–15. For the mediating role of mathematical instruments in the formation of the professional architect in early modern England, which offers a transregional context for its
John S. Garrison and Marissa Nicosia
“our time” as categories made available through a philosophical focus on improvement of the self. In the final essay in this special issue, Feisal Mohamed draws our attention to the intertwined notions of futurity and justice. Returning us to the political and religious contexts of early modern England
Dogs in Medieval and Early Modern Art, Literature, and Society
Edited by Laura D. Gelfand
Contributors are Kathleen Ashley, Jane Carroll, Emily Cockayne, John Block Friedman, Karen M. Gerhart, Laura D. Gelfand, Craig A. Gibson, Walter S. Gibson, Nathan Hofer, Jane C. Long, Judith W. Mann, Sophie Oosterwijk, Elizabeth Carson Pastan, Donna L. Sadler, Alexa Sand, and Janet Snyder.