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Volume-editor Anne Aarssen, René Genis and Eline van der Veken

multilingual practices in the post-independent South Africa : between marginalization and harmonization / Ed. by Leketi Makalela. – Berlin, Boston : De Gruyter, 2015 – 188 p. – ( IJSL ; 234) | Special issue. 135 Oostendorp, Marcelyn; Bylund, Emanuel: Emotions and HIV/AIDS in South Africa : a multilingual

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Filiz Mutlu, Aysel Kapan, Ali Yagiz Sen, Hilal Yıldırım-Gündoğdu and Aslı Göksel

between baş and kafa . While baş expresses nearly 20 emotion types, kafa expresses only five. She refers to these idioms as expressing metonymy and takes baş and kafa both to mean a container for thoughts and also for emotions. However, we observe that baş is a container for emotions only. We

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James Essegbey

pronouns or agreement markers, the verbs and, where present, the negative affixes, to express the jussive. 5.2.3.3 Subjunctive The subjunctive complementizer tɛ - is used to describe hypothetical events, as well as opinions or emotions. It is also used to make polite requests. This is shown below: (58

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Yongxian Luo

1 Introduction * It has been argued that there is a relationship between the conceptualization of the human body and language structure, and that human language utilises body part terms for expressions of emotions, character traits, reason, thought and so on (Greenough and Kittredge 1920, Enfield

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Iwona Kraska-Szlenk

have been observed in particular in the domain of grammaticalization (Svorou 1994, Heine 1997, 2014, Heine and Kuteva 2002), but also in others, such as, for example, emotions, reasoning, social interactions and values, or kinship (Sweetser 1990, Kövecses 2000, 2005, Enfield and Wierzbicka 2002, Kraska

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Judit Baranyiné Kóczy

aspects of human life: life, death, emotions, body, humor, religion, gender, kinship, ageing, marriage or politics (Sharifian 2017: 26). Within the language-culture-conceptualization nexus the key notion of the discipline is conceptualization, which is a meaning-related phenomena, featuring both cultural

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Aleksandra Wilkos and Mateus Cruz Maciel de Carvalho

studies that analyze that relationship, in particular in our understanding of emotions. For instance, AFFECTION IS WARMTH metaphor is vastly universal and psychological studies conducted by Lawrence E. Williams and John A. Bargh (2009) showed that experiencing physical warmth corresponds to more

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Mateus Cruz Maciel de Carvalho

(source) ones through semantic extensions. Body part terms are conspicuously found in noun incorporation, several types of noun compounding, and in special possessive constructions. In many languages of the world, body part terms are frequently used for expressing spatial relations, emotions, numbers, and

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Edited by Alessandra Vianello, Lidwien Kapteijns and Mohamed Kassim

syllables, is well suited to convey the enthusiasm and eagerness with which he will undertake this journey and the swift passage by boat and then by camel through Arabia (stanzas 1–8). Once he reaches Medina, the sight of the Prophet’s tomb will stir the poet’s deepest emotions: All sorrows will fade away

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Iwona Kraska-Szlenk

’ as the Locus of Thinking and Reasoning Many languages represent a dualistic conceptual model which separates emotions—figuratively located in the heart or another inner body part—from intellectual capacities—typically associated with the head (cf. contributions in Sharifian et al. 2008). The