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Series:

Edited by Johan Callmer, Ingrid Gustin and Mats Roslund

In Identity Formation and Diversity in the Early Medieval Baltic and Beyond, the Viking World in the East is made more heterogeneous. Baltic Finnic groups, Balts and Sami are integrated into the history dominated by Scandinavians and Slavs.
Interaction in the region between Eastern Middle Sweden, Finland, Estonia and North Western Russia is set against varied cultural expressions of identities. Ten scholars approach the topic from different angles, with case studies on the roots of diversity, burials with horses, Staraya Ladoga as a nodal point of long-distance routes, Rus’ warrior identities, early Eastern Christianity, interaction between the Baltic Finns and the Svear, the first phases of ar-Rus dominion, the distribution of Carolingian swords, and Dirhams in the Baltic region.
Contributors are Johan Callmer, Ingrid Gustin, Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson, Valter Lang, John Howard Lind, Marika Mägi, Mats Roslund, Søren Sindbaek, Anne Stalsberg, and Tuukka Talvio.

Alexandra Kelly

the theoretical groundings for this work, exploring how a focus on landscapes, which Richard argues, are inherently anachronistic, inclusive and unstable, allows him to subvert metanarratives of the Atlantic world. Richard’s landscapes are archives, hybrid assemblages and entangled, making visible

Alfredo González-Ruibal

exploitation of the frontier. Core societies, nominally Muslim, were in fact deeply hybrid in religious and cultural terms. The expansion of such societies, however, was highly destructive. Archaeologically, it can be seen in a plethora of large settlements that come to a standstill around the 13 th -century

Early Medieval Art and Archaeology in the Northern World

Studies in Honour of James Graham-Campbell

Series:

Edited by Andrew Reynolds and Leslie E. Webster

Early Medieval Art and Archaeology in the Northern World brings together leading experts on the European early Middle Ages in a celebration of the life and work of internationally renowned scholar James Graham-Campbell. The geographical coverage of this volume reflects Graham-Campbell's interests and expertise which ranges from Ireland to Eastern Europe and from Scandinavia to Spain. The new perspectives and original studies offered represent a major contribution to the field of medieval studies, with papers on the art, archaeology, history and literature of European societies between the fifth and thirteenth centuries.
Contributors are Noël Adams, Barry Ager, Marion M. Archibald, Birgit Arrhenius, Coleen Batey, Cormac Bourke, Stuart Brookes, Ewan Campbell, Helen Clarke, Martin Comey, Rosemary Cramp, Wendy Davies, Ben Edwards, Signe Horn Fuglesang, Richard Gem, David Griffiths, Mark A. Handley, Birgitta Hårdh, Negley Harte, David A. Hinton, Ingegerd Holand, Judith Jesch, Alan Lane, Mick Monk, Richard North, Raghnall Ó Floinn, Patrick Ottaway, Raymond I. Page, Caroline Paterson, Neil Price, Barry Raftery, Mark Redknap, Andrew Reynolds, Ian Riddler, Else Roesdahl, John Sheehan, Alison Stones, Gudrun Sveinbjarnardóttir, Gabor Thomas, Nicola Trzaska-Nartowski, Patrick F. Wallace, Leslie Webster, Naimh Whitfield, Gareth Williams, Sir David Wilson and Sue Youngs.

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Olivier Gosselain, Lucie Smolderen, Victor Brunfaut, Jean-François Pinet and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

. Accordingly, a hybrid research method was devised that relied on both oral descriptions and technical observations. The latter mostly concerned pottery making and the few artisans still active in the craft at the time. The team also witnessed partial or complete reconstructions of the technical processes made

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Louis Champion and Dorian Fuller

species ( Oryza sativa ) introduced to Africa around the middle of the sixteenth century AD by the Portuguese (Linares 2002). In addition, in a few areas hybrids of O. glaberrima and Asian O. sativa are cultivated (Nuitjen et al. 2009). In some regions, as African rice has declined, it has remained

Akinwumi Ogundiran and Adisa Ogunfolakan

to suggest that tradition and modernity collided and were harmonized in Odùduwà Grove to create a hybrid culture. Making such a claim is to deny the historicity, dynamism, and experimentation that have defined Odùduwà Grove as a sacred landscape and the community of practice that sustained it during

Michael Brass

. Ethnographically, African pastoral ceremonial locales (Rigby 1977) differ from Nabta Playa in that the latter have burials. This discrepancy prompted Applegate et al. (2001) to propose a hybrid solution, drawing upon the Sudanese Dinka and Nuer’s political and spiritual importance attached to shrines. The Dinka

Series:

Olivier Gosselain and Lucie Smolderen

with relatively controllable historical facts. We are therefore faced with hybrid aggregates which may indeed have a legendary element but which also justify a historical analysis. The idea is to consider the four sites successively and try to assess their historical relevance. It will be evident that