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Drachen und Sirenen

Die Rationalisierung und Abwicklung der Mythologie an den europäischen Universitäten


Bernd Roling

What kind of being did a sailor see, when he was confronted with a mermaid? A demon, a fairy, a monster, or only an extraordinary marine mammal? Transmitted by the tradition of ancient natural history the European universities faced many creatures belonging to natural science as well as to mythology, which still could be observed throughout the world. While medieval sholarship treated those beings as subjects for demonology, early modern scholars started to rationalize the sirens and satyrs and developed new models of explanation. Throughout hundreds of academical disputations the debate on hybrid creatures can be followed up to the time of Linné and Buffon and the zoological classifications of the 18th century.
This study reconstructs the discussions of hybrid creatures as part of the Early Modern change of paradigms and the longue durée of ancient and medieval natural history with the help of five examples, sirens, satyrs, giants, pygmies, and dragons.


Simona Cohen

The relationship between medieval animal symbolism and the iconography of animals in the Renaissance has scarcely been studied. Filling a gap in this significant field of Renaissance culture, in general, and its art, in particular, this book demonstrates the continuity and tenacity of medieval animal interpretations and symbolism, disguised under the veil of genre, religious or mythological narrative and scientific naturalism. An extensive introduction, dealing with relevant medieval and early Renaissance sources, is followed by a series of case studies that illustrate ways in which Renaissance artists revived conventional animal imagery in unprecedented contexts, investing them with new meanings, on a social, political, ethical, religious or psychological level, often by applying exegetical methodology in creating multiple semantic and iconographic levels.

Brill's Studies on Art, Art History, and Intellectual History, vol. 2

Marxism and Historical Practice (Vol. I)

Interpretive Essays on Class Formation and Class Struggle. Volume I


Bryan D. Palmer

The two volumes of Marxism and Historical Practice bring together essays written by one of the major Marxist historians of the last fifty years. The pieces collected in Volume I, Interpretive Essays on Class Formation and Class Struggle, offer a stimulating, empirically grounded survey of North American collective behaviour, popular mobilizations, and social struggles, ranging from a rich discussion of ritualistic protest like the charivari through the rise of the Knights of Labor in the 1880s to campaigns against neoliberal labour reform in British Columbia in the early 1980s. What emerges is Palmer's sustained reflection on long-standing interpretive historical problems of class formation, the dynamics of social change, and how popular social movements arise and relate to law, the state, and existing cultural contexts.

Catherine Paoletti

constituera définitivement la seule trace lisible de l’amont d’un travail. Après le livre, la scène d’écriture laisse derrière elle des éléments de stockage, de chiffrement, d’hybridation, tout un terrain qui n’est pas totalement étranger à ce que serait une scène de fouille archéologique, puisque s’y dépose

Angelika Schmitt

characterizes it as a ‘hybrid genre’, because of the amalgamation of different styles and subjects. 24 In my opinion, the specific feature of Bely’s text has its roots in the interrelation of matter and method. The principles, characterizing the specific way of cognition which belongs to the self

The Restless Mind and the Living Text

The First Edition of Grotius’s De iure belli ac pacis

Douglas J. Osler

in a second state: with a corrected text, but still without the indices. Two surviving copies bear witness to this hybrid state. One is the copy in Salzburg. Here we find that gathering 5F is in its reset condition, with Cap. xxiv moved on to page 781, as explained above, and the corrections made

Allan Olley

design and hybrid electronic and electromechanical nature but it marked a significant commitment by IBM to electronics. It was also built in part to overshadow machine computation at Harvard where IBM had facilitated the construction of the Harvard Mark I (or IBM Automatic Sequence Control Calculator