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Introduction The objective of the current research was to ascertain how Indian women managers engage in hybrid identity work to reach a sense of coherence in the process of negotiating their gender and racio-ethnic identities and in the process accommodating and resisting the strictures of a

In: African and Asian Studies
In: Consider Somaliland
Author: Joseph Hill

This paper shows how religious speeches by leaders of the Taalibe Baay, disciples of the Senegalese Sufi Shaykh Ibrahim Ñas, uphold Islamic knowledge and authority while accommodating competing yet intertwined knowledge regimes. French and Arabic enter into Wolof religious discourse in multiple ways through contrasting educational methods, uses, and language ideologies. These three languages are combined and separated in numerous linguistic registers juxtaposed in religious speeches: classical Arabic prologues and textual quotations, “deep Wolof” narratives largely excluding loanwords, more conversational registers using some French terms, and so on. Although orators typically use French terms sparingly, they sometimes break this pattern and use them liberally, especially when critiquing Western hegemony and secular values. They sometimes incorporate French discourses of “liberty” and “progress” in passages designed to demonstrate Islam’s superiority in achieving these ideals. Orators tend to replace common French terms for morally positive concepts with Arabic terms, yet they usually reinsert the French as a gloss to facilitate comprehension. I discuss these utterances as cases of linguistic “hybridity” in which contrasting voices combine to serve an authorial purpose. These rhetorical patterns fit into a larger pattern of accommodating, contesting, and appropriating hegemonic languages, institutions, and ideas while upholding Islam’s unique authoritativeness.

In: Islamic Africa
State-Building with Traditional Leaders and Institutions
Author: Marleen Renders
Can ‘traditional’ leaders and institutions help to build more legitimate, accountable and effective governments in polities or ‘states’ under (re)construction? This book investigates the case of “Somaliland”, the 20-year old non-recognized state which emerged from Somalia’s conflict and state collapse. A careful analysis of Somaliland’s political history, it outlines the complex and evolving institutional and power dynamics involving clan elders, militia leaders, guerrilla movements, as well as politicians and civil servants in its emerging state structures. While showing the great potential of endogenous processes, it clearly demonstrates the complexity and the politics of those processes and the necessity to think beyond one-size-fits-all state-building formulas.

structure of Carthago Nova did not undergo any major transformations until the beginning of the imperial period. 24 3 Consensual, Hybrid Solutions In this context, Rome began by maintaining the existing cities, which surrendered unconditionally by deditio . Most of these cities, as a result, became

In: Regional Urban Systems in the Roman World, 150 BCE - 250 CE

‘illiberal’ or ‘delegative’ or ‘hybrid’ regime. West African democracies typify hybrid democracies in the sense that they tend to substitute the substance of democracy itself for the tangential procedural requirement of periodic elections, therefore missing out on of the vital elements such as good

In: The African Review
Author: Jude A. Momodu

locals than the government security forces and this makes NSSG s more suitable and dependable in terms of providing local security and generating local intelligence for the state security forces. However, there is the need to work out a more effective collaborative or hybrid partnership between the

In: The African Review
Author: Christine Noe

Conceptualising Transfrontier as a Region and Tourist Destination New conceptions and meaning of regions have caused the emergence of conceptual hybrids in both academic literature and planning circles especially in relation to spatiality and borderlessness of cross-border natural resources (Noe, 2010; Simon

In: The African Review

), 421 troops in the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali ( MINUSMA ), 365 troops to the Africa Union/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur ( UNAMID ), and 12 troops in the UN Mission for the referendum in Western Sahara ( MINURSO ). Through these missions, China has followed the wider

In: The African Review

already published), MacDonald informed me that in pāda d: “The reading kalevaram should be revised to kaḍevaram ; the ḍ isn’t formed perfectly, but it seems more probable than an l . See Edgerton’s Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary : kaḍevara = Sanskrit kalevara ”. 25 These are well

In: Annali Sezione Orientale