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Compounding Compound Creatures

The Catalogue of Hybrids in Tristia 4.7 and Empedocles

Peter Kelly

This paper will examine Ovid’s depiction of the catalogue of hybrids from Tristia 4.7. It will argue that this passage may be read as an allusion to Empedocles’ description of the compound creatures which existed at an early stage in the evolution of living beings (fr. 60 DK). It will attempt

Stumpf, Gerd (Munich)

[German version] Coins on which obverse and reverse do not belong together. Hybrid coins (HC) were sometimes created by mistake, when the personnel of a mint combined the minting stamps of two different emissions (quinar, Rome, AD 261, obverse Gallienus, reverse Salonina, see [1]), other times when


Edited by Owen Hodkinson, Patricia Rosenmeyer and Evelien Bracke

The literary letter was one of the most versatile and popular forms of writing in Greek antiquity, yet one of the least widely studied today. The use of the letter within narrative or as narrative medium is something which the Ancient Greek literary tradition established as central to the western world (especially through the letters of Plato, Hippocrates and the Christian epistolographers). This volume presents detailed literary readings of a wide range of Greek literary letter collections. By comparison of the various narrative strategies taken within Greek epistolary texts across a range of genres, cultural backgrounds, and time periods, the volume takes a significant step towards the appreciation of Greek epistolary collections as a unique literary phenomenon.

Annetta Alexandridis

Mixanthropoi. Animal-human Hybrid Deities in Greek Religion (Kernos Suppl. 25). Liège, Centre International d’Étude de la Religion Grecque Antique, 2011. 383 pp. Pr. €40.00. ISBN 9782960071788. According to common perception―ancient and modern alike―Greek antiquity knew no animal gods. And yet

Wiesehöfer, Josef (Kiel)

[German version] (Γελωνοί; Gelōnoí). According to Hdt. (4,102; 108f.; 120; 136), agricultural Scythian tribe in the neighbourhood of the  Budini and speaking a Graeco-Scythian hybrid language; descendants of Gelonus; originally Greek refugees from Greek trade settlements. They apparently took part

Raepsaet, Georges (Brüssel)

[German version] Hybrids of a male ass and a mare (mule: ἡμίονος/hēmíonos; Latin mulus/mula; also ὀρεύς/oreús from ὄρος/όros, ‘mountain’) or of a stallion and a female ass (hinny: γίννος/gínnos; Latin hinnus/hinna) are frequently mentioned in ancient literature. In antiquity, just as in the Middle

Steinbauer, Dieter (Regensburg)

[German version] Technical term in modern linguistics (hybrid Lat. derivation from Greek lárynx ‘larynx’) for a class of consonants. In current Indo-European (IE) linguistics, it refers to (three) phonemes postulated in the reconstruction of the proto-language. Despite doubts as to their nature as

Gizewski, Christian (Berlin) and Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham)

[German version] The term bureaucracy has no roots in the political terminology of antiquity, but is a modern French-Greek hybrid formation (Old Fr. ‘bure’, ‘burrel’ from Lat. burra). Bureaucracy refers -- also in a critical sense -- to specific organizational structures of modern states [1]. As an

K.HO., Christian

[German version] (Equus zebra, E. quagga, E. grevyi). There is only scanty osteological, iconographical and textual evidence from prehistoric and ancient cultures for both the zebra, a wild equid once indigenous to northern Africa, and for its hybrids (zebroids). In northern Africa, primarily