The essential significance of scientific metaphor lies in applying the general metaphorical theory to specific interpretations and elaborations of scientific theories to form a methodology of scientific explanation. It is a contextual grasp of objective reality. A given metaphorical context and its grasp of the essence of reality can only be valid when the context is continually restructured. Taking the context as a whole, the methodological characteristic of scientific metaphor lies in the unity of understanding and choice, experience and concepts, semantic structures and metaphorical domains, rationality and irrationality. As a form of thinking based on reasons, scientific metaphor plays an important role in invention, representation, explanation, evaluation, and communication.
Since China’s reform and opening up in 1978, the study of Chinese philosophy has proceeded together with the times, not only making tremendous academic progress, but also serving as an important part of research on Chinese culture that undertakes the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and Chinese culture. This essay gives a brief review of the study of Chinese philosophy over the last forty years with particular attention to five aspects, namely the new horizons in the study of Chinese philosophy, the characteristics of Chinese philosophy, the comparison between Chinese and Western philosophy that also involves the “legitimacy” of the former, the relevance of Chinese philosophy for contemporary times, and the basic methodologies of Chinese philosophy.
Different Voices in Early Chinese Thought
Edited by Carine Defoort and Nicolas Standaert
The aim of this paper is to discuss some assumptions of comparative philosophy by providing a critical analysis of Hegel’s perception of China and other non-European cultures in relation to Kant’s anthropological works. The main assumption of comparative philosophy is that the temporal-cognitive distance between Plato and Diderot is irrelevant compared to the geographic-cultural distance between Plato and Confucius or Diderot and Dai Zhen. This paper will demonstrate that this culturalist assumption is also a legacy of Hegel’s history of philosophy, whose anthropological basis and historicist framework needs to be deconstructed. Finally, this paper will make reference to Victor Cousin, the French philosopher who introduced German philosophy in France, to show how this thinker’s adaptation of Hegel’s history of philosophy allows us to propose a more inclusive conception of the value of non-European cultures’ intellectual productions and to elaborate, on this basis, a radically non-culturalist framework for comparative philosophy.
The object of this study is to examine the way in which the later Fichte handles Kantian ideas. In the first part Kant’s theory of principles will be investigated in order to find out how many types of ideas he uses. In the second part the ideas will be assigned to the basic moments of Fichte’s Outlines 1810. Not only the transcendental concepts and postulates play a key role in the Science of Knowledge, but also the methodological ideas of a theoretical and practical reason. While the latter are mentioned by Kant only in passing, in Fichte’s later works they constitute a pivotal part in the reflexions about the faculty of reason.
China had philosophy and dealt with truth, it was unorganized and mixed in forms. Its lack of systematic argumentation made truth hard to find. While if we look at Western philosophy, it not only had pure philosophy, but also careful methodologies. These could all help to correct the shortcomings of
popular subjects of discussion in academia. The object, methodology, paradigms, and position of Chinese philosophical research are not definite. Considering the crisis of philosophy within the scope of the world, it is evident that Chinese philosophical research has no choice but to confront the biggest
shared in common was their utilization of some academic schools of Western philosophy as the methodological grounds of their own research. The founding and development of their research into the branch of the history of Chinese philosophy had expansive significance. After the founding of the new China
touch upon the topic, nonetheless it is a clear indication of political philosophy’s move towards becoming an “established” discipline. Many of these papers moreover exhibit significant innovation in their management of academic disciplines, problematics, methodology, and even writing style. Although it
an age-old tradition. 11.1 Research in the History of Chinese Logic Research in the history of Chinese logic has undergone remarkable development since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Pioneering methodological and substantive scholarship on Chinese logical thought