Election observation by OSCE/ODIHR has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. 1 While the methodology of OSCE/ODIHR election observation is perhaps the most elaborate among organizations that are active in election observation, it has essentially remained unchanged since the late 1990s
Max Bader and Hans Schmeets
ensure that interpretation aligns with the drafters’ intentions is even more critical in the absence of an individual complaints procedure to challenge a state’s interpretation or application of the Convention. 16 The following sections outline the methodological framework for the book. Section 2
Edited by The Markland Group
These two organizations joined forces in March 1995 to conduct a workshop on compliance, a topic which they felt had received insufficient attention from the international legal community. Thirty-eight experts from Canada, the United States and Great Britain were assembled for a series of meetings at the University of Toronto under the chairmanship of Walter Dorn and Christine Elwell. Five of the papers presented at the workshop have since been edited, expanded and updated for publication in this volume. The papers analyse compliance measures under various treaties, with particular attention being given to: The Biological Weapons Convention; the Chemical Weapons Convention; the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (Safeguards); Trade and Environment Compliance Measures; and International Humanitarian Law Compliance and Enforcement Mechanisms and their potential impact on Arms Control and Disarmament Treaties.
The Markland Group and the CCIL believe that the study of treaty compliance methodology is still in its infancy. The development of effective, reliable and acceptable compliance systems is imperative, particularly for treaties dealing with disarmament. It is hoped that this volume will provide an impetus for enhanced study of this crucial issue.
A monographic study tackling the bulk of the international law issues that emerge during and as a result of a transformative occupation, based on a comprehensive analysis of historical cases, applicable norms, and relevant facts.
"With this thorough and thought provoking study, Andrea Carcano has put us all in his debt."
From the foreword by Georges Abi-Saab, Emeritus Professor, Graduate Institute of International Studies and Development.
Edited by Ustina Dolgopol and Judith G. Gardam
Commentators are drawn from the United Nations and its agencies, key non- governmental organisations, world-class academic circles, senior members of government, leading human rights lawyers and judges with experience in international criminal law. These experts address deadly conflict in a comprehensive fashion covering all its stages: the causes and prevention of conflict; conflict resolution and peace-building; international criminal law and international humanitarian law and the role of the United Nations, humanitarian organisations and peacekeepers in post conflict situations.
This collection is for those with an existing interest and expertise in international law, international relations, peace studies and criminal justice as well as for those who wish to become conversant with emerging developments in these fields.