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Beke Hansen

fully in Chapter 9, where regression models for the alternation between must and have to will be presented and discussed. 4.4 Summary This methodological chapter outlined the ‘sociolinguistic corpus-based approach’ adopted in this study, which was considered most effective in order to address not


Leonard Talmy

In his ten Beijing lectures, Leonard Talmy represents the range of his work in cognitive semantics. The central concern of this approach is the linguistic representation of conceptual structure, that is, the patterns in which and processes by which conceptual content is organized in language. The lectures examine the semantics of grammar, force dynamics, a typology of how motion events are represented, factive versus fictive motion, a typology of event integration, differences in how spoken and signed language structure space, the attention system of language, introspection as a methodology in linguistics, the relation of language to other cognitive systems, and digitalization in the Evolution of language.


Beke Hansen

After the thematic conclusion of the study, I will take a step back and discuss its wider methodological implications for the field of corpus linguistics. In particular, I will discuss the contribution of my study to two methodological issues that are of interest to the wider corpus

Joan Cutting

This text describes how the language used in social interaction evolves from the time the speakers first meet and becomes the in-group code of a given discourse community (in this case the academic community). Most studies reported in the literature of the language of groups and intimates until now have been global, imprecise or unsystematic, and have described the language as a product at a given time; no systematic study appears to have been carried out to follow through the interactions of individuals as they form a group, to discover precisely how and why language changes over time as assumed knowledge grows. Here, the author focuses on the precise changes that occur with increasing knowledge over time, and uses a longitudinal approach to describe the language as a process.


Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Miriam Ben-Rafael

researchers collect to tackle the distribution of languages on LL items. The resulting graphs provide probes of the significance of items, in the light of given interpretative theoretical concepts. However, the methodologies of collection and categorization of signs remain a matter of controversies ( Tufi and


Everything You Always Wanted to Know about the Pragmatics of Deception but Were Afraid to Test

Marta Dynel and Jörg Meibauer

’s or reader’s understanding of the goings-on in the fictional world. This methodological step is predicated on the (tacit) assumption that the discourse contrived by writers for wide audiences constitutes natural language (for discussion, see Dynel, this issue). On the other hand, deception is

Ilias Papathanasiou and Ria De Bleser

It is now widely expected that scientific evidence and theory should be used to describe aphasia and aphasia therapy. This book provides review chapters on controversial research and clinical issues in aphasia and aphasia therapy. Contributions from distinguished scholars from all over the world (Europe, America, Australia) cover the range of disciplines involved in aphasia, including neurology of aphasia, cognitive and linguistic approaches to aphasic therapy, psychosocial approaches, aphasia research methodology, and efficacy of aphasia therapy. This book brings together contributions of all these disciplines and makes a link between theory and therapy from a scientific perspective. Each chapter offers a current review with extensive references, thus providing a useful resource for clinicians, students and researchers involved in aphasia and aphasic therapy including doctors, psychologists,linguists and speech and language therapists. The papers in this book were presented at the first European Research Conference on Aphasia.

The progressive in 19th-century English

A process of integration


Erik Smitterberg

The present volume is an empirical, corpus-based study of the progressive in 19th-century English. As the 1800s have been relatively neglected in previous research, and as the study is based on a new cross-genre corpus focusing on this period (CONCE = A Corpus of Nineteenth-Century English), the volume adds significantly to our knowledge of the historical development of the progressive. The use of two separate measures enables an accurate account of the frequency development of the progressive, which is also related to multi-feature/multi-dimensional analyses. Other topics covered include the complexity of progressive verb phrases and the distribution of the construction across linguistic parameters such as clause type. Special attention is paid to progressives that express something beyond purely aspectual meaning. The results show that the progressive became more fully integrated into English grammar over the 19th century, but also that linguistic and extralinguistic parameters affected this integration process; for instance, the construction was more common in women’s than in men’s private letters. Owing to the wide methodological scope of the study, it is of interest to linguists specializing in corpus linguistics, language variation and change, verbal syntax, the progressive, or the linguistic expression of aspect, either in synchrony or diachrony.


Anna Mauranen


Part of being an academic entails being able to present ‘strong arguments’, ask ‘appropriate questions’, make ‘interesting points’, and perform other similar speech acts (e.g., Väliverronen 1992). Some of our socialisation into such skills appears to take place fairly explicitly through evaluative metadiscourse (or discourse reflexivity): ‘That’s a good question’, ‘the fundamental point is’, ‘it is important to emphasize’…, which, interestingly, tends to be predominantly positive (Mauranen 2000). Such discourse-reflexive expressions play important roles in organising ongoing discourse both in a linear way (indicating order and cohesion) and a hierarchical way (indicating importance). In the latter capacity, the effect on establishing and reorganising knowledge structures is clearly more important.

This paper explores the organising and socialising role of discourse reflexivity via some items related to argumentation ('argue', 'claim', 'observe'…) in the MICASE corpus, focusing on ‘argue’ in evaluative contexts. To capture socialisation from a developmental perspective, the uses are tracked down through speaker categories. A methodological solution for assessing the significance of speaker category figures is proposed on the basis of estimated expectancy values.