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Gregor Yeates

Nematology , 2009, Vol. 11(2), 319-320 Book review K HAN , M UJEEBUR R AHMAN . Plant nematodes: methodology, morphology, systematics, biology and ecology . Enfield (NH), USA, Science Publishers, 2008, 360 pp. ISBN 978-1-57808-533-0. Price US $69.00, £38.60, € 56.20. In his preface the author

Series:

Khuong Nguyen and David Hunt

The volume deals with morphology, taxonomy and systematics of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) in the families Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae and bacteria associated with these nematodes.
In the first part, history, taxonomic status, family and genus definitions of EPN are mentioned. In the second part, all useful aspects of morphology and methodology of EPN are mentioned with illustrations and SEM photographs and instructions on how to make the measurements, and how to use them in taxonomic work. A polychotomous key with SEM photographs and illustrations is provided. In the third part, full descriptions of all species are presented with latest information about each species. In the fourth part, molecular and phylogenetic methods for working with EPN are presented, including the latest information and instructions on how to use molecular data in taxonomic work. In the last part, bacteria associated with this group of nematodes are discussed in the context of the latest information about methodology, biology and taxon.

Luma A. Pedroso, Vicente P. Campos, Aline F. Barros, Julio C.P. Silva, Gustavo M. Assis and Clerio R. Ribeiro

solutions For tests on nematode eggs, ethanol solutions were prepared at the same concentrations as in the previous assay. In addition, the same methodology was used, but an aqueous suspension (0.5 ml) containing 1000 eggs of H. glycines was substituted for the J2 suspension. The microtubes and vials were

Olivera Topalović, Holger Heuer, Annette Reineke, Jana Zinkernagel and Johannes Hallmann

only a few individuals of Pratylenchus thornei were found (Table 2). The density of free-living nematodes was in the expected range, and soil samples from a nearby field with corn salad showed high numbers of M. hapla ; thus, methodological problems of extraction procedures were excluded. Instead

Kaikai Qiao, Mengxin Bai, Qiu Wang, Xiangyu Hou, Jingwei Chen, Shun Xiao, Guokun Liu, Wim Bert and Xue Qing

Zoologica Hungarica 30 , 1 - 28 . Anisimova , M. , Liberles , D.A. , Philippe , H. , Provan , J. , Pupko , T. & Haeseler , A.V. ( 2013 ). State-of the art methodologies dictate new standards for phylogenetic analysis . BMC Evolutionary Biology 13 , 161 . DOI: 10

Fouad Mokrini, Salah-Eddine Laasli, Youssef Karra, Aicha El Aissami and Abdelfattah A. Dababat

texture: proportions of clay (0-2  μ m), silt (2-50  μ m) and sand (50- >200  μ m); pH and electrical conductivity EC ( μ S cm −1 ) using 1:2.5 soil:water ratio methodology described by Richards (1954); exchangeable cations: potassium, manganese and magnesium; exchangeable acidity; total soil organic

Alistair J.D. Wright, Debbie L. Sparkes, Mark Stevens and Matthew A. Back

sugar beet varieties; however, further experimentation would be required to elucidate our findings and confirm these conclusions. It is interesting to consider that different batches of cysts appeared to respond differently to RLS obtained from the same varieties of plants, using the same methodology

Roman Choutka, Jaroslav Polák and Shesh Kumari

. Xiphinema vuittenezi and X. diversicaudatum were also detected by PCR-based methodology. Keywords – PCR, Xiphinema brevicollum , Xiphinema diversicaudatum , Xiphinema pachtaicum , Xiphinema vuittenezi . The vineyards of the Czech Republic comprise 18 718.4 ha ( i.e ., the area registered as at 15 October

Alfonso Navas and Pilar Flores-Romero

) distance method based on an allelic frequencies matrix built using two different methodologies. In addition, Maximum-Parsimony (MP) and Maximum-Likelihood (ML) phylogenetic methods were done in order to corroborate the phylogenies obtained. Our results showed a great disparity in the NJ trees obtained