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Sharīʿa and the Islamic State in 19th-Century Sudan

The Mahdī’s Legal Methodology and Doctrine

Series:

Aharon Layish

The Sudanese Mahdī headed a millenarian, revivalist, reformist movement in Islam, strongly inspired by Salafī and Ṣūfī ideas, in late 19th century in an attempt to restore the Caliphate of the Prophet and “Righteous Caliphs” in Medina. As the “Successor of the Prophet”, the Mahdī was conceived of as the political head of the Islamic state and its supreme religious authority. On the basis of his legal opinions, decisions, proclamations and “traditions” attributed to him, an attempt is made to reconstruct his legal methodology consisting of the Qurʾān, sunna, and inspiration ( ilhām) derived from the Prophet and God, its origins, and its impact on Islamic legal doctrine, and to assess his “legislation” as an instrument to promote his political, social and moralistic agenda.

Series:

Silvia Bruzzi

that they have earned more scholarly attention. 14 At the heart of this omission in the context of the colonial occupation lie a number of methodological issues, including the difficulties associated with accessing written sources. In many cases, the principal written sources of reference are kept in

Series:

Silvia Bruzzi

-scale production of images of bodies by colonial cameras. Visual sources and the iconography of the body suddenly became vital resources that posed critical methodological and epistemological questions. Our work on visual sources such as Photographs, photography photographs also led us to focus on the