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Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

Before describing the methodology, a caveat is in order. The following paragraphs will present the method as a linear process: formulation of the questions, selection of sources, literary analysis, and proposed explanation. In practice, however, the various stages overlap and influence one another

The Origins of the Canon of the Hebrew Bible

An Analysis of Josephus and 4 Ezra

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

In The Origins of the Canon of the Hebrew Bible: An Analysis of Josephus and 4 Ezra, Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow examines the thorny question of when, how, and why the collection of twenty-four books that today is known as the Hebrew Bible was formed. He carefully studies the two earliest testimonies in this regard—Josephus’ Against Apion and 4 Ezra—and proposes that, along with the tendency to idealize the past, which leads to consider that divine revelation to Israel has ceased, an important reason to specify a collection of Scriptures at the end of the first century CE consisted in the need to defend the received tradition to counter those that accepted more books.

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

anachronism. Finally, the introduction includes a short description of the methodology and of the structure of the monograph (pp. 29–31). Before all this, it is appropriate to refer briefly to the current debate about the terms “Judaism” and “Jewish.” I will avoid talking about “Judaism,” preferring “Jewish

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine , ed. Catherine Hezser (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), 9–27, 10–13; Reimund Bieringer et al., eds., The New Testament and Rabbinic Literature (Leiden: Brill, 2010), 43–132 (Part I , “Methodology in Rabbinic Studies”); Günter Stemberger

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

preparation for it, so that the “hero” may acquire the “competences” needed to carry out the final “performance” or principal test, namely, the recovering of the lost Torah. 37 Before going further, a methodological remark is in order. We shall propose an interpretation of 4 Ezra that employs some concepts

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

methodologically wrong because it forgets the narrative nature of the text, as should be clear from our analysis of the coordinates for a comprehensive understanding of 4 Ezra (see above, Chapter 8). 28 In what follows I take as a starting point the study of Hogan on the meanings of Torah in 4 Ezra, an article

Series:

Juan Carlos Ossandón Widow

. 80 Interestingly, a more controversial book, the Song of Songs, is also known to him. In a recent article, Stone proposes that both 4 Ezra 4:36–37 and 4 Ezra 5:24.26 allude to the Song of Songs. 81 Applying a precise methodology, Kaplan has submitted both cases to examination and has confirmed