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Sharīʿa and the Islamic State in 19th-Century Sudan

The Mahdī’s Legal Methodology and Doctrine


Aharon Layish

The Sudanese Mahdī headed a millenarian, revivalist, reformist movement in Islam, strongly inspired by Salafī and Ṣūfī ideas, in late 19th century in an attempt to restore the Caliphate of the Prophet and “Righteous Caliphs” in Medina. As the “Successor of the Prophet”, the Mahdī was conceived of as the political head of the Islamic state and its supreme religious authority. On the basis of his legal opinions, decisions, proclamations and “traditions” attributed to him, an attempt is made to reconstruct his legal methodology consisting of the Qurʾān, sunna, and inspiration ( ilhām) derived from the Prophet and God, its origins, and its impact on Islamic legal doctrine, and to assess his “legislation” as an instrument to promote his political, social and moralistic agenda.

Amir Syed

available primary source material. Consequently, the work would benefit if the author had a more robust discussion of his methodology, approaches to primary sources, and frameworks of interpretation that he used in order to understand them. For instance, in his discussion of the Malian Empire he places

Sakariyau Alabi Aliyu

From humble beginnings, both educationalists developed and adapted their systems to the changing world without losing sight of their objectives. 12 The history and development of the two pedagogical streams is illustrated by the biographies of the methodological pioneers. The comparative