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Michael S. Flier

the part of the Orthodox Christian East. According to Byzantine calculation, the End Times would occur at the beginning of the eighth millennium after Creation, the year 7000, or 1492 in Western reckoning. The authorities were so certain about this prediction, that the Paschal tables for computing the

Wayne Westergard-Thorpe

philosophical and morally grounded embrace of communism once he began to elaborate his historical materialism. The result- ing dissonance between moral prescription and scientific description and prediction, al- ready nascent in the Economic a n d Philosophical Manuscripts, Moore maintains, was ne- ver overcome

Richard C. Gripp

and take these down to the polls to "vote" them. Friedgut, cautiously optimistic, senses a subtle change at work in the Soviet system as widespread participation encourages further expansion of the same. He is careful in his analysis, however, and wisely avoids rash predictions. He concludes his very

Roann Barris

; this is the theme ofBrumfield's second chapter. Journals such as Zodchii were quick to find in the new style a prediction of impendingchanges in society as well. The new style, in addition to many of its social implications, was affected by the generous press given to th e Arts and Crafts movement, art

Perry L. Patterson

Polish experience with such firms seemed to be much more positive than the predictions o f the classic Ward-Vanek models, possibly a result o f the tradability o f workers' share rights in the modern Polish case. Krystyna Szymkiewicz's similarly well-done paper on "The Banking Sector and the F i n a n c

Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer

e a m symbolism, premonitions and predictions are most powerful when explained by believers themselves. While his book may be too idio- syncratic to become a university text, his well-meaning sincerity shines through. M a r j o r i e Mandelstam B a l z e r Georgetown University A History o f Russian

ANTONI SMUSZKIEWICZ

. The cooling of the Sun or the Earth's collision with a comet was at that time only a product of poetic imagination but could also be found in contemporary scientific views and pseudo-scientific predictions.4 Of course, such views and predictions of the end of the world were by no means the only

Cristina Chuen

, but their predictions for the future are more questionable. Writing before the Fall 1999 renewal of fighting in Chechnya, they explain that the 1994-96 Chechen conflict taught Mos- cow the importance of war avoidance and defense. One wonders if this conclusion might now differ. In addition, their

Maxwell A. Cameron

in Eastern Europe did not result in a major shift from electoral democracy to authoritarian rule, or from market economics to populism. Gloomy predictions notwithstanding, East European nations managed to preserve a semblance o f democratic government and persisted along various paths to market

Jaroslaw Piekalkiewicz

on worker-owned enterprises and concludes, via statistical evi- dence on firm behavior, that the early Polish experience with such firms seemed to be much more positive than the predictions o f the classic Ward-Vanek models, possibly a result o f the tradability o f workers' share rights in the