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Canonical Texts: Bearers of Absolute Authority – Bible, Koran, Veda, Tipiaka

A Phenomenological Study (Translated by Henry Jansen and Lucy Jansen-Hofland)


Rein Fernhout

This book introduces a new approach to the comparative study of sacred texts - here the Christian Bible, the Islamic Koran, the Hindu Veda and the Buddhist Tipiaka. The author demonstrates that, in spite of their great differences, these works show a fundamental analogy.Considered as canonical within their own religious context, each text possesses absolute authority in comparison with other authoritative texts from their respective religious traditions. This fundamental analogy allows one to describe the growth and history of these canons, step by step, as a process that takes place in analogous phases that are clearly distinguishable. The author follows a strictly phenomenological method: he tries to understand the development of these canons in terms of a potential that lies within the phenomena themselves, i.e. the texts, while refraining in any way from assessing their claim to absolute authority.
In part I the author describes the development from the 'revelation' of the texts to a climax with respect to reflection on the canons. This climax has been reached in all four cases. Part II investigates the crisis that these canons are currently undergoing as a consequence of the modern intellectual climate. Can we expect that this crisis will be overcome by the canons? And if so, will they be in a position of mutual exclusion or will they form a sort of unity such as, for example, the Old and New Testament in the Christian Bible? Finally the author traces what the religions themselves have postulated about the future of their respective canons. The result is surprising: the current crisis is only faint reflection of what, according to age-old predictions, awaits the canons in the future.

Narrated Communities – Narrated Realities

Narration as Cognitive Processing and Cultural Practice


Edited by Hermann Blume, Christoph Leitgeb and Michael Rössner

Culture studies try to understand how people assume identities and how they perceive reality. In this perspective narration, as a basic form of cognitive processing, is a fundamental cultural technique. Narrations provide the coherence, temporal organization and semantic integration that are essential for the development and communication of identity, knowledge and orientation in a socio-cultural context.
In essence, Anderson’s “Imagined Communities” need to be thought of as “Narrated Communities” from the beginning. Narration is made up by what people think; and vice versa, narration makes up people's thoughts. What is considered "fictitious" or "real" no longer separates narratives from an "outside" they refer to, but rather represents different narratives.
Narration not only constructs notions of what was “real” in retrospect, but also prospectively creates possible worlds, even in the (supposedly hard) sciences, as in e.g. the imaginative simulation of physical processes. The book’s unique interdisciplinary approach shows how the implications of this fundamental insight go far beyond the sphere of literature and carry weight for both scholarly and scientific disciplines.

Anthony Nussmeier

Patterning of History: Poetry, Politics and Adamic Renewal’ (55–76), Manuele Gragnolati, ‘Politics of Desire’ (101–126), Tristan Kay, ‘Seductive Lies, Unpalatable Truths, Alter Egos’ (127–150), Anne C. Leone, ‘Women, War and Wisdom’ (151–172), Claudia Rossignoli, ‘Prediction, Prophecy and Predestination

Carsten Kottmann

–1526) , Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, xi + 412 pp. offers an unusual view of the Reformation offers by focussing on the change of devilish ideas and their impact on the awareness of time (interpretation of the past, understanding of the present, and prediction of the future) in pamphlets of the early Reformation period

The Seven Sages at Sea

Framed Narrative Systems in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean

Karla Mallette

Prediction, or the Prophecy. 22 In this story, a young man is on a boat at sea with his father. Two birds alight on the boat and start to chatter amongst themselves. The father wonders aloud what they are saying; and the boy, who understands the language of the birds, tells him that they predict that he

Ammeke Kateman

excerpt containing ʿAbduh’s hopeful correction to Spencer’s pessimistic predictions, as compared to its inclusion in 1915, seems to strengthen the pessimistic conclusion of the journalist of the Tribune de Genève that there is no hope to counter Europe’s injustice in its international relations with the

Matthew Melvin-Koushki

mere fortune tellers” (248). The discovery of printing led promptly to the mass production of astrological predictions in pamphlets, often written in the vernacular; populaces, especially Protestant, were much exercised by prognostications of the end of the Roman Empire, the second coming of Christ and

Netanel Anor

existants. Votre bien dévoué, J. Halévy 51 plate iii A postcard addressed to Theo Pinches, August 2nd, 1884. courtesy of irving l. finkel. Halévy’s prediction was not fulfilled. Some important scholars, like Friedrich Delitzsch and François Thureau-Dangin, who sided at first with

Vaibhav Singh

possible way. 34 This seems to have compounded a series of conflicting impressions and predictions as to the immediate and future prospects of the development. From London, V. E. Walker, the deputy chairman and managing director of L&M, echoed A. J. May’s assessment that “it is generally thought that

Yi Xie and Siqing Peng

In the recent marketplace, corporate brands are exposed to a variety of corporate publicity, which may elicit unexpected consumer responses and requires more academic attention. This study explores how two kinds of corporate publicity (ability-related vs. social responsibility-related) influence customer-brand relationship. We propose that both kinds of publicity influence customer-brand relationship strength through brand trust and brand affect. In addition, the interaction pattern between the two kinds of publicity is further examined. Two competing hypotheses predicting divergent patterns of the interaction effect are proposed. A 2×2 between-subject experiment is conducted in the context of fast food service industry. Results show that, after controlling the existing customer-brand relationship, social responsibility-related publicity has significant influence on the strength of customer-brand relationship, while ability-related publicity has no such effect, given the fact that consumers probably have developed well-established perceptions on the focal company’s ability. Furthermore, the specific interaction pattern between the two kinds of publicity is consistent with the prediction based on fairness heuristic theory. In addition, brand trust and brand affect play mediating roles in the mechanism through which corporate publicity influences customer-brand relationship.