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"Schule des politischen Denkens"

Die Exilzeitschrift "Kultura" im Kampf um die Unabhängigkeit Polens 1947–1991

Bernard Wiaderny

Mit Bernard Wiadernys Buch liegt die erste deutschsprachige Monographie über die polnische Exilzeitschrift »Kultura« vor. Sie erschien in Paris in den Jahren 1947-2000 und war die wichtigste polnische Zeitschrift der Nachkriegszeit.
Der Autor rekonstruiert die Bemühungen des »Kultura«-Kreises um ein unabhängiges Polen ohne kommunistische Herrschaft. Vor dem Hintergrund des »Kalten Krieges« geht es um die Aktivitäten im Rahmen des US-finanzierten »Kongresses für kulturelle Freiheit« ebenso wie um das Engagement für die Neutralisierung Ostmitteleuropas.
Dargestellt wird die Rolle der Zeitschrift in Polen: Ihr Einsatz für die reformfreudigen, parteinahen Intellektuellen in den 1950er und 1960er Jahren sowie für die demokratische Opposition und die Gewerkschaft »Solidarnosc« in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren. Auch die Positionierung des Blattes während des Zerfalls des kommunistischen Regimes 1989 kommt zur Sprache.
Thematisiert wird die Zusammenarbeit der »Kultura« mit russischen und ukrainischen Intellektuellen, sowohl in der Sowjetunion, als auch im Exil sowie ihre Haltung zur Deutschland-Problematik, darunter zur »Ostpolitik« der SPD in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren.

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Maria Schubert

. 1964 bis 1989. Bonn 2002; Rauhut, Michael: The Voice of the Other America: African-American Music and Political Protest in the German Democratic Republic, in: Timothy Brown/Lorena Anton (Hg.): Between the Avantgarde and the Everyday: Subversive Politics in Europe from 1957 to the Present. New York, NY

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Edited by Louis Clerc, Nikolas Glover and Paul Jordan

Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries provides an historical perspective on public diplomacy and nation branding in the Nordic and Baltic countries from 1900 to the present day. It highlights continuity and change in the efforts to strategically represent these nations abroad, and shows how a self-understanding of being peripheral has led to similarities in the deployed practices throughout the Nordic-Baltic region.

Edited by Louis Clerc, Nikolas Glover and Paul Jordan, the volume examines a range of actors that have attempted to influence foreign opinions and strengthen their country’s political and commercial position. Variously labelled propaganda, information, diplomacy and branding, these constant efforts to enhance the national image abroad have affected how the nation has been imagined in the domestic context.

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Ana Bénard da Costa

lived or transmitted experiences. Neither is tradition something static and intangible, but rather the outcome of dynamic negotiations that allow the permanence of ideological frameworks over time ( Amselle 1990 ; Geschiere et al. 2008 ). In other words, the persistence of tradition in the present

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José Luis Cabaço

. Development is presented as a univocal movement towards the model of civilization represented by the ‘central’ countries. As I have stated elsewhere, ‘development’ commonly connotes the extension of the Knowledge, the Technologies and the Methodologies from the hegemonic countries to the peripheral countries

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Amy Schwartzott

-independence conflict was precipitated by external aggressors, but the focus of the present chapter is the overall destruction caused by it, which resulted in considerable suffering throughout the country. Africanist social anthropologist Bjørn Enge Bertelsen discusses the impact of the violence of these decades on

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Maria Paula Meneses

as a means by which to preserve their identity ( Vail and White 1991 ). In their songs, people sought to mediate between an idealized imagined past and the uncertain constitution of the present, thus evaluating their destiny, and their few options. In fact, these songs were revealed as useful

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Signe Arnfred and Maria Paula Meneses

’s own matrilineal lineage, the nihimo (which is different from the nihimo of his wife). The goods are presented to the humu by his dependent, as a mark of deference and respect. In his possession, the capulanas become tools of power and politics; they may be used to settle quarrels or conflicts