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Edited by Argiro Vatakis, Fuat Balcı, Massimiliano Di Luca and Ángel Correa

Timing and Time Perception: Procedures, Measures, and Applications is a one-of-a-kind, collective effort to present the most utilized and known methods on timing and time perception. Specifically, it covers methods and analysis on circadian timing, synchrony perception, reaction/response time, time estimation, and alternative methods for clinical/developmental research. The book includes experimental protocols, programming code, and sample results and the content ranges from very introductory to more advanced so as to cover the needs of both junior and senior researchers. We hope that this will be the first step in future efforts to document experimental methods and analysis both in a theoretical and in a practical manner.

Contributors are: Patricia V. Agostino, Rocío Alcalá-Quintana, Fuat Balcı, Karin Bausenhart, Richard Block, Ivana L. Bussi, Carlos S. Caldart, Mariagrazia Capizzi, Xiaoqin Chen, Ángel Correa, Massimiliano Di Luca, Céline Z. Duval, Mark T. Elliott, Dagmar Fraser, David Freestone, Miguel A. García-Pérez, Anne Giersch, Simon Grondin, Nori Jacoby, Florian Klapproth, Franziska Kopp, Maria Kostaki, Laurence Lalanne, Giovanna Mioni, Trevor B. Penney, Patrick E. Poncelet, Patrick Simen, Ryan Stables, Rolf Ulrich, Argiro Vatakis, Dominic Ward, Alan M. Wing, Kieran Yarrow, and Dan Zakay.

Florian Klapproth

the difference was between the standard and the comparison stimulus. Desiderato (1964) presented participants with stimuli repeatedly after a 12-s interstimulus interval in the training phase. The participants were required to release a button as soon as they experienced the stimuli. In the

Karin M. Bausenhart, Massimiliano Di Luca and Rolf Ulrich

equal to the magnitude of another stimulus defined as the standard stimulus. For example, one might pinpoint that an auditorily presented temporal interval must be 480 ms to appear as having the same duration as a visually presented standard interval of 500 ms duration. This point along the duration

Richard A. Block, Simon Grondin and Dan Zakay

articles, see Block and Grondin (2014) . In the present chapter, we mainly focus on time perception and time estimation (see Block & Hancock 2013 , for an annotated bibliography). The database PsycINFO distinguishes these terms in a slightly overlapping way: The keyword time perception is defined as

Trevor B. Penney and Xiaoqin Cheng

anchor ) and a second lever following presentation of a long duration stimulus (long anchor ). In the test phase, these short and long anchor durations were presented and correct responses reinforced, but unreinforced durations intermediate to the short and long anchors were also presented. Hence

Giovanna Mioni

reproduce the duration of the temporal interval previously presented. The task is composed of two phases: the encoding and the reproduction phase. First, participants experience the target duration (i.e., encoding phase), and then they are asked to delimit a time interval (by pressing a designed key

Mariagrazia Capizzi and Ángel Correa

presented in different trials will selectively influence participants’ reaction times ( rt s). When there is no variability and just one foreperiod is administered in a block of trials (i.e., fixed foreperiod design), it is typical to find shorter rt s with short foreperiods, a phenomenon known as the

David Freestone and Fuat Balcı

the fi procedure, a timing stimulus is presented and a response option is available (this could be a key on a keyboard or response box or a keyboard). This starts a trial. The first response following the fixed interval results in a reinforcer (e.g., monetary reward), responses prior to this time do

Anne Giersch, Patrick E. Poncelet, Céline Z. Duval and Laurence Lalanne

Simon effect reflects the participants’ tendency to press the response button corresponding to the location where a stimulus is displayed on the screen. Such a preferential response is generally present and it has been shown to be task independent ( Hommel, 2011a ). For example, if the task requires

Franziska Kopp

the repeated presentation of stimuli in itself contains a temporal dimension. A second behavioral approach frequently used in experimental infancy research is the inference about psychological states via the assessment of visual preference. Typically, two or more stimuli are presented simultaneously