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The Proto-Germanic n-stems

A study in diachronic morphophonology

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Guus Kroonen

The n-stems are an intriguing part of Proto-Germanic morphology. Unlike any other noun class, the n-stems have roots that are characterized by systematic consonant and vowel alternations across the different Germanic dialects. This monograph represents a diachronic investigation of this root variation. It traces back the Germanic n-stems to their Indo-European origin, and clarifies their formal characteristics by an interaction of sound law and analogy. This book therefore is not just an attempt to account for the typology of the Germanic n-stems, but also a case study of the impact that sound change may have on the evolution of morphology and derivation.

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Beata Sheyhatovitch

will be presented later). RDA defines the expression maʿnā l-lafẓ ‘the meaning of a linguistic expression’ as “something that is meant, i.e., intended by [the expression]” ( mā yuʿnā bihi ʾay yurādu ). 6 Several characteristics of use of the term maʿnā in Šarḥ al-Kāfiya can be discerned. First

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Edited by Sylvie Mellet and Marcel Vuillaume

Il n’y a pas tout à fait un siècle que le style indirect libre a reçu son nom de baptême, mais sa date de naissance, s’il en a une, se perd dans la nuit des temps. Ce décalage n’est sans doute pas fortuit. Le SIL est, par essence, voué à une existence discrète, et il a fallu qu’il devienne un procédé littéraire consciemment et massivement utilisé par les romanciers du XIXème siècle pour qu’on s’intéresse à lui.
Le présent volume est à la fois un retour aux sources, une mise en perspective et un questionnement. La contribution de Michèle Biraud et Sylvie Mellet nous parle du style indirect libre tel qu’on l’employait en grec et en latin, à une époque où il ne portait pas encore son nom. Marcel Vuillaume reprend et approfondit certains aspects un peu oubliés de la réflexion de Bally, qui, avec quelques autres, porta le SIL sur les fonts baptismaux. Quant à Laurence Rosier, elle retrace, dans la présentation de son récent ouvrage Le discours rapporté. Histoire, théories, pratiques, l’évolution de ce concept. Les trois autres articles, ceux de Michel Juillard, Anna Jaubert et Sylvie Mellet, tentent, chacun selon un angle d’attaque qui lui est propre, de renouveler ou de clarifier la problématique toujours ouverte du SIL.
Ce recueil s’adresse donc à tous ceux, linguistes ou spécialistes de littérature, qui s’intéressent au SIL et, plus généralement, à tous les phénomènes qui relèvent de l’hétérogénéité énonciative.

Pieter A.M. Seuren

contribute much to present-day linguistic thought or practice on either side of the Atlantic. In fact, I argue that he became the object of mythification. 1 Then, I have to show that, by contrast, Sechehaye’s work was, though largely ignored, of the highest possible quality for his day and, in fact

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Beata Sheyhatovitch

’ to present a sentence as providing the addressee with new information about something; istiḥsān ‘preference’, referring to linguistic phenomena which are not dictated by the basic principles of the theory but by speakers’ preferences; mansūḫ ‘abrogated’, referring to an element from an underlying

Pieter A.M. Seuren

nature, as the careful inspection of the questions at issue has revealed aspects and perspectives that have either been allowed to rest undiscussed, or have never been taken notice of—a fact that gave occasion to the subtitle of the present study. Looking at the historical conclusions, we note first of

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Edited by Manuel Sartori, Manuela E.B. Giolfo and Philippe Cassuto

This volume includes the reflections of leading researchers on Arabic and Semitic languages, also understood as systems and representations. The work first deals with Biblical Hebrew, Early Aramaic, Afroasiatic and Semitic. Its core focuses on morpho-syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, rhetoric and logic matters, showing Arabic grammar's place within the system of the sciences of language. In the second part, authors deal with lexical issues, before they explore dialectology. The last stop is a reflection on how Arabic linguistics may prevent the understanding of the Arabs' own grammatical theory and the teaching and learning of Arabic.

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Beata Sheyhatovitch

not a warning but rather an instrument of warning” ( maʿa ʾannahu laysa bi-l-taḥḏīri bal huwa ʾālatu l-taḥḏīri ). 33 In other words, the warning is an act performed by the speaker by means of a grammatical structure presented here. The linguistic expression is thus distinct from the purpose achieved

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Beata Sheyhatovitch

important stage in the development of coinage theory (although the term waḍʿ is present also in earlier grammatical literature). 3.1 The Term waḍʿ in Grammatical Literature prior to RDA Some appearances of the term waḍʿ and its derivatives can be found already in early grammarians’ writings, but the

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Beata Sheyhatovitch

Arabic grammatical tradition, she mostly mentions terms and principles without further elaboration or demonstration of how they facilitate the understanding of the text. Ḥakamī (2009) explores the grammatical thought of Sīrāfī (d. 368/979) as presented in Šarḥ al-Kāfiya ; Bin Ġazī (2010) addresses RDA