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Temporalité et attitude

Structuration du discours et expression de la modalité

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Edited by Arie L. Molendijk and Co Vet

Les articles réunis dans ce volume ont été présentés au Cinquième Colloque Chronos, qui s’est déroulé à l’Université de Groningen du 19 au 21 juin 2002. Ils ont été soumis à l’évaluation de collègues et les auteurs les ont remaniés en vue de la publication dans ce volume. Ils traitent de la structuration du discours, de l’expression de modalités différentes et de la temporalité / de l’aspect dans différentes langues. Ces matières ont été le sujet de bien des études récentes et moins récentes. L’intérêt de ce recueil par rapport à d’autres études réside, non seulement dans la nouveauté de certaines données linguistiques, mais aussi dans leur traitement, qui est parfois très original. Les langues étudiées sont le français, l'anglais, le polonais et le serbo-croate.

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Alain Rihs

In this paper, we provide evidence for the French gerund’s so-called overlap thesis. This classic thesis has been questioned notably by Gettrup (1977) and Kleiber (2007): for them, overlap is not part of the gerund’s semantic core. We advocate, however, that relevant interpretations of propositions containing gerunds always imply some sort of overlapping relation. The overlapping constraint allows us to discriminate between the gerund and the present participle (when it scopes over the main clause’s subject). Thus, we examine some examples with present participles that necessitate the strict adjacency of the eventualities involved.

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Edited by Jesse Mortelmans, Tanja Mortelmans and Walter De Mulder

The present volume contains a selection of papers presented at the 7th Chronos colloquium in Antwerp (2006). They specifically focus on issues dealing with the categories of Aktionsart, aspect and tense, and the possible relations between these categories, mainly in Germanic and Romance languages. Some of the papers in this collection put the relation between tense and modal meaning into focus, which was in fact the Antwerp conference’s special topic. More in particular, the papers in this volume deal with: non-state imperfectives in Romance and West-Germanic; aspectual properties of French locative constructions; a new typology of accomplishments and achievements; the compatibility of (im)perfective aspect with negation; temporal properties of gerundive adjunct clauses in Portuguese; the Present Perfective Puzzle; the multiple meanings of the present perfect in the Germanic languages; modal uses of present and non-present tenses in Dutch and French; the impossibility to use ‘perfective’ viewpoint tenses in conditional protases.

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Edited by Hilde Hasselgård, Stig Johansson, Bergljot Behrens and Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen

The present volume draws together contributions from a number of scholars with an interest in empirical, cross-linguistic description. Most of the papers were first presented at the symposium Information Structure in a Cross-linguistic Perspective held in Oslo in November/December 2000. The descriptions are functionally oriented, and their common focus is how information structure – in a broad sense – can be compared across languages. 'Information structure' has been approached in a variety of ways by the authors, so as to give a broad picture of this fundamental principle of text production, involving the way in which a speaker/writer chooses to present a message in terms of given/new information, focus, cohesion, and point of view. Central to much of the research is the problem of establishing criteria for isolating linguistic constraints on language use from cultural-linguistic conventions in text production. The linguistic comparison includes English, German and/or one of the Scandinavian languages, with sidelights to other languages. Most of the papers are text- or corpus-based, and the ongoing work on parallel corpora in Scandinavia is reflected in several contributions.

Functional Structure in Morphology and the Case of Nonfinite Verbs

Theoretical Issues and the Description of the Danish Verb System

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Peter Juul Nielsen

In this book, Peter Juul Nielsen examines the foundations of morphological theory from a structural-functional perspective on language as a sign system. He offers a framework for the analysis of morpheme relations based on a thorough discussion of syntagmatic and paradigmatic structure, indexical relations, zero as meaningful absence and morphological relations across grammatical categories. It is argued that when paradigmatically related morphological structures have different syntactic functions, the semantics of the paradigmatic opposition consists in the specification of functional potential. The framework is applied in three detailed studies of Danish nonfinite verbs presenting new accounts of their morphological structure, semantic coding and paradigmatic organisation.

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Edited by Bart Hollebrandse, Angeliek van Hout and Co Vet

This Cahiers Chronos volume reports on new and ongoing research on tense, aspect and modality in which a variety of languages has been gathered. The languages discussed by the authors include (in alphabetical order): Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Russian and Spanish.
The articles form a selection of the papers presented at the 5th Chronos Conference that took place at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, in June 2002. We have categorized the papers into three sections: Tense, Aspect and Modality. Obviously, this ordering is somewhat arbitrary given that some of the papers cross these rather rigid boundaries, as they discuss the interplay of tense and aspect or tense and modality.
This book is of interest for scholars in the field of semantics, logic, syntax, and comparative linguistics.