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Series:

Stephan Guth

your interlocutor even when you have talked a long time to him/her and presented convincing arguments that ‘all that’ does not have anything to do with the religion itself? 26 Why does it seem natural for many people in the West to draw a direct line of historical coherence between the Qurʾan and the

Ephraem der Syrer und Basilios der Große, Justinian und Edessa

Die Begegnung griechischer und syrischer Traditionsautorität in der Ephraemvita und der miaphysitisch-chalkedonische Konflikt

Series:

Nestor Kavvadas

In Ephraem der Syrer und Basilios der Große, Justinian und Edessa untersucht Nestor Kavvadas die syrische Vita des Heiligen Ephraem, die in Edessa zum Höhepunkt des Konflikts zwischen der syrischen miaphysitischen Bewegung und der pro-chalkedonischen Kirchenpolitik Justinians komponiert wurde, und vergleicht sie mit einigen früheren griechisch-kappadokischen Hagiographien um Ephraem und Basilios von Caesarea, der in Ephraems Vita gleichsam als dessen Patron erscheint. Der Autor zeigt, dass während diese griechischen Hagiographien dazu bestimmt waren, Ephraem als Vater der chalkedonischen, byzantinischen orthodoxen Kirche zu reklamieren, die edessenische Ephraemvita Teil eines Versuchs der syrischen miaphysitischen Bewegung war, Exklusivrecht auf Ephraem sowie Basilios, und damit auf das Erbe der Kirchenväter, zu beanspruchen. Dann stellt der Autor heraus, wie die Ephraemvita, einmal „entschlüsselt“, ihr historisches Umfeld in ein neues Licht stellen kann.

In Ephrem der Syrer und Basilios der Große, Justinian und Edessa, Nestor Kavvadas examines the Syriac “Life” of Saint Ephrem, composed in Edessa at the time when the Syriac Miaphysite movement was opposing Justinian’s pro-Chalcedonian politics, and compares it with several earlier Greek Cappadocian hagiographies about Ephrem and Basil of Caesarea, who is presented almost as Ephrem’s patron in the latter’s “Life”. The author shows that while the Greek hagiographies were meant to (re)claim Ephrem as a Father of the (Chalcedonian) Byzantine Orthodox Church, Ephrem’s Syriac “Life” was part of an attempt by the Syriac Miaphysite movement to claim exclusive rights on both Ephrem and Basil as representatives of the entire legacy of the Church Fathers. Then, the author points out how the “Life”, once de-coded, can in turn shed light on its historical setting.

Series:

Hüseyin Ağuiçenoğlu

Zusammenfassung

The Turkish language reform is a rare example of language planning that has left deep traces not only in the language itself, but also in society. The language reform represents one of few topics in Turkey that has divided the population, particularly the educated middle class, for decades and even today continues to give rise to heated discussions. Even if the share of those who demand a return to the Arabic alphabet is relatively small, points of contention such as neologisms, spelling, and the addition of additional letters to the official alphabet still set the agenda. With the introduction of the Ottoman Turkish language in the school curriculum, the increasing public use of Arabic script and the systematic revival of the Ottoman vocabulary, the debate has taken on a new quality under the Islamic-conservative AKP government. This article will present the main stages of the Turkish language reform process against the background of the interaction of cultural and linguistic history.

Series:

Mona Abaza

are told, is well connected to influential political circles, which, throughout the show, are presented as clearly corrupt. She is portrayed as a social climber who lives on her own in a lavish villa, with a trained shepherd dog. She managed to take away (or embezzle) the villa from her ex

Series:

Aziz Al-Azmeh

credibility consonant with the moods that have come to predominate in public conceptions in Europe and North America. 1 The present article seeks to describe and comment upon central trends in current study of the Qurʾanic genesis. While the relationship of the Muslim scripture to the Torah and the Gospels

Series:

Katajun Amirpur

the past, it leads to worse.” 9 Another director, Rakhshan Bani Etemad, also helped the internet campaign: In her movie We are Half of Iran’s Population , shot in spring 2009, right before the elections, she recorded meetings of the politically very diverse women uniting to present their demands to

Series:

Michael Kemper

present. For him, the most important task was to disclose the seeds of indigenous enlightenment, independent of whether they eventually became victorious over traditionalism or not; and when studying the dialectics between progressive views and conservative responses, we have to keep in mind that both

Series:

Anne Grüne and Kai Hafez

are brave“ oder „I like the point that people who are ordinary people have a talent, they know how to express it to the world. They know how to present themselves, they are not shy or afraid and knowing that in our Arab world we have some talent is something good.“ Die Rezipienten schätzen damit

Series:

Armando Salvatore

subjectivities). Yet Islamic Studies, especially in Europe, as a field has remained quite a stepchild in the use of methodologies of historical comparative sociology and social theory in comparison with other areas of the humanities. The present chapter summarizes a line of inquiry that has the potential to

Series:

Nestor Kavvadas

). Jakob zählt in einem seiner Briefe die Kirchenväter auf, deren Werke die Norm der Orthodoxie bilden (s. Jacob of Edessa, Letter to John the Stylite: ms. British Library Add. 12.172, f. 100r–v, zitiert nach L. Van Rompay, Past and Present Perceptions of Syriac Literary Tradition, in: Hugoye 3 (2000