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Series:

Roberto Romani

novelty can be made for this book. First, sensibilities are an original standpoint, especially, as just implied, with respect to the moderates. That the patriots were critical of Italians’ past and present attitudes is not a new finding, but the existence of ‘affirmative’ sensibilities complementing that

Series:

Roberto Romani

freedom’ in the pursuit of religious truth. 24 Lamennais, once turned a millenarian radical in the 1830s, was certainly enthusiast in this sense, and Mazzini, too, presented himself as the voice of God. To a greater degree than Lamennais’s, his religion was of his own making, coalescing entirely into a

Series:

Roberto Romani

contended, since the value of labour increased over time in relation to the value of capital. 22 He also put forward a theory of property built on two statements. First, everybody owned at least his/her body, and, second, all present properties implied work done in the past – propositions meant to counter

Series:

Roberto Romani

outside of Catholicism. In both the past and the present, he claimed, everything great happening on the peninsula has been due to religion. 33 Liberalism on the British and French examples is inadequate, he continued, as constitutions have failed to deliver justice and check greed; the reason is that

Series:

Roberto Romani

looking inside themselves, Foscolo and his ilk arrogantly expected to be ‘great and happy’ irrespective of God. But since they did not feel happy in the present, they projected happiness in the future, turning it into expectation and aspiration. This attitude induced a constant spiritual agitation

Series:

Roberto Romani

and sentimental sphere. Mazzini's obsession with death, however, is a major exception. Third, while Banti has claimed that the moderate and the democratic camps were inspired by the same images of the nation, the present research has identified a sharp dissimilarity as regards their respective

Series:

Jutta Jokiranta

but rather: when the two are linked, why and how this happens. This is how Ojakangas argues philosophically: gods are harmful to responsibility in the absolute sense (man can present gods as his excuse) but helpful for human happiness (man discovers gods in order to find relief from guilt). By

Series:

Lauri Thurén

for a study of ethical teaching in the New Testament. Some results of an analysis based on these guidelines will be presented as well. 1 Suggestions for Studying New Testament Ethics First, any study of early Christian ethics must derive from the ancient documents themselves. Public and even academic

Series:

Petri Luomanen

presented overall interpretations of the development of Christianity. One of the best known examples must be Ferdinand Christian Baur’s Hegelian interpretation of the birth of Christianity as the result of the two opposing theses of strict Jewish Christianity and more liberal Pauline Christianity, resulting

Series:

Petri Ylikoski

are interested in how humans behave, the fear of punishment by these ever-present observers made them behave in a more prosocial manner. Thus they would abstain from breaking social norms even in situations where other group members would not have been able to observe them. We can distinguish two