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The European Emblem

Selected Papers from the Glasgow Conference, 11-14 August 1987


Bernhard Scholz

Edited by Bath and Weston

The ten papers in this volume were all presented at the first International Conference "The European Emblem", held in Glasgow in August, 1987 under the auspices of the Society for Emblem Studies.
The conference included papers discussing most of the major European languages in which emblem books flourished, and the papers selected for the presented volume represent something of the variety and scope of current scholarship in this field.
Subjects dealt with include a protoemblematic Latin translation of the Tabula Cebetis, the Emblematum Liber by Andreas Alciat, the earliest reception of the 'Ars Emblematica' in Dutch, the career of Thomas Palmer, Daniel Cramers 80 Emblemata moralia nova, and the Emlimata of Polockij.
The papers selected for this volume demonstrate the vigor and variety of work in this field, whilst also suggesting some of the directions and opportunities for further research.

Heinrich von Gent über Metaphysik als erste Wissenschaft

Studien zu einem Metaphysikentwurf aus dem letzten Viertel des 13. Jahrhunderts


Martin Pickavé

The last 30 years have seen a revived interest in Henry of Ghent, one of the leading theologians at the University of Paris in the last quarter of the 13th century. This volume offers a new and comprehensive study of a central aspect of Henry’s philosophical thought: his understanding of metaphysics.
The study examines why, according to Henry, there has to be a science investigating being qua being and how such an inquiry is at all possible. In Henry’s conception, metaphysics is not just one scientific discipline among others but the first and fundamental one for it deals with the first object of the intellect as its subject-matter. The recognition of this understanding, as the present study intends to show, opens a new perspective on the proper philosophical dimension of Henry of Ghent’s thought.

On Reduplication

Logical Theories of Qualification


Allan T. Bäck

On Reduplication is a study of the logical properties of reduplicative propositions, that is, of propositions having qualifications, like 'Christ qua God is a creature' and 'being qua being is the subject of metaphysics'. The focus is on what ways qualifications change the truth value and the inference patterns of simple, categorical propositions. The central class of reduplications is that in which the qualifications are introduced by a qua connective like ' qua', 'insofar as', 'under the concept of', or 'in virtue of the fact that'. Reduplicative propositions occur frequently and importantly in both traditional and contemporary philosophical works, but there has been little modern analysis of them.
This study presents, compares and analyzes the different theories of reduplication that have arisen in Western philosophy. Texts are presented and explicated, and their significance is weighed relative to modern logical theory. Throughout this study, some important applications of theories of reduplication are noted, such as Leibniz's qualification of the principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles, Ockham's reduction of abstract entities, and Aquinas's view on the Incarnation.

Aristoteles Latinus

1-5. Categoriae vel Praedicamenta


Edited by Minio-Paluello

Among the monumental projects taken up by classicists and medievalists in this century, the editions of the Greco-Latin versions of Aristotle collected in the series Aristoteles Latinus best display the great advances that have been made in editorial thoroughness and subtlety. The volumes confine themselves to presenting the texts, together with a discussion of their history and the history of earlier textual scholarship. The editions are models of clarity, availability and utility. After a gap of several years we are pleased to announce that this volume is now available again in reprint.
Aristotle's treatise on the most fundamental concepts of the human mind, called Categories or Predicaments, has been a basic textbook for Mediaeval philosophers and theologians. Boethius is the author of the oldest Latin translation known to us. However, from the end of the fourth century, there existed a Latin paraphrase of this text, due to a pupil of Themistius, but attributed to Augustin. A composite text, containing some elements of the Boethian version, circulated from the beginning of the ninth century.
All these texts were edited by L. Minio-Paluello, together with the translation of the complete text and the short lemma's of the Aristotelian treatise found in the copies of Moerbeke's version of Simplicius' commentary on the Categories. The preface to the edition unfolds and clarifies the complex situation of the manuscript tradition and tries to identify each of its components. The indexes include a Greek-Latin and Latin-Greek lexicon of the translations, as well as indexes of the Latin and the Greek words ocuurring in the Pseudo-Augustinian paraphrase.
The reprint of this standard edition of the Aristoteles Latinus, published in 1961, will be welcomed by scholars devoted to the history of Mediaeval logic and philosophy.

Edited by Todd Lowry and Robert P. Gordon

The history of ideas is full of attempts to construct a conceptual apparatus to facilitate discussions of the workings of economic structures and of justice in interpersonal relations, cultural institutions and the social order. The aim of this volume is to provide up-to-date summaries of such ideas on economic issues and social justice which have been brought forward in each historic period from antiquity to early modern times. The emphasis is on the Near Eastern and Mediterranean background of western European culture from the world of the Old Testament and the ancient Greeks through to Spanish scholasticism and its offshoots in the Spanish Americas down to the 18th century. The 13 contributing scholars have each in his or her own way investigated the actual surviving writings from their specialist periods, along with their own or other modern interpretations. The essays presented here do not pretend to argue for a particular definition or concept of economic science or to determine its origins nor to define social justice, but rather to draw attention to the ideas of writers from the past that relate to relevant concepts in modern discussions of economic activity and social obligations.

It has been brought to our attention that in a chapter in this volume
“Later Scholastics: Spanish Economic Thought in the XVIth and XVIIth Centuries” by Francisco Gómez Camacho
direct reference and citation of the works of other scholars is often inconsistent and in some cases totally lacking. While we do not believe that it was the intention of the author of the article to misappropriate other persons’ material, we do admit that the chapter does not meet standards currently expected of an academic publication. We regret any misappropriation of another author's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions in our publications and will remain vigilant to prevent this recurring in the future. We give notice that the chapter has been retracted and will not appear in any future editions of the book.

Brill, April 2015


J.J.A. Mooij

This book deals with the history of a central problem in the philosophy of time: Can time exist without mind or consciousness, and if not, in what respects? Aristotle was the first to formulate this problem, and it has been intensively discussed ever since. This book analyses the answers and arguments and sets them in their historical context. Although there have been very different approaches, the book shows important continuities as well.
Besides being a specialist monograph, it can be used in courses on the philosophy of time in general, or on the realism/idealism debate.


Henrik Lagerlund

This book presents the first study of the development of the theory of modal syllogistic in the Middle Ages. It traces the theory from the first medieval commentators on Aristotle's Prior Analytics to the end of the Middle Ages.
In the book, several previously unstudied texts are analysed and the works of philosophers like Robert Kilwardby, Albert the Great, Richard of Campsall, William of Ockham, John Buridan, Pseudo-Scotus, Albert of Saxony, Marsilius of Inghen and Jodocus Trutfetter are studied. These authors' views on modal syllogistics are shown to comprise important insights clarifying central issues with implications for medieval philosophy in general.
The book will be of particular interest to historians of medieval philosophy and logic, but also to anyone interested in the history of logic and Aristotelian philosophy.


Dina Khapaeva

What is a nightmare as a psychological experience, a literary experiment and a cultural project? Why has experiencing a nightmare under the guise of reading a novel, watching a film or playing a video game become a persistent requirement of contemporary mass culture? By answering these questions, which have not been addressed by literary criticism and cultural studies, we can interpret anew the texts of classic authors. Charles Maturin, Nikolai Gogol, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Thomas Mann, Howard Philips Lovecraft and Victor Pelevin carry out bold experiments on their heroes and readers as they seek to investigate the nature of nightmare in their works. This book examines their prose to reveal the unstudied features of the nightmare as a mental state and traces the mosaic of coincidences leading from literary experiments to today’s culture of nightmare consumption.