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Donald Whitcomb

, XXXII ( 1976 ): pp. 167 - 76 . Karimian , H. , “ Cities and Social Order in Sasanian Iran – the Archaeological Potential ”, Antiquity , LXXXIV ( 2010 ): pp. 453 - 66 . Kennedy , Hugh , “ From Polis to Madina: Urban Change in Late Antique and Early Islamic Syria ”, Past and Present , CVI

David Durand-Guédy, Roy P. Mottahedeh and Jürgen Paul

synthesis of scholarship on medieval cities in present-day Iran and Afghanistan, in the volume Islamic urban studies: history, review and perspectives . Other useful volumes dedicated to cities have since been published, on the pre-modern Islamic world in general and on specific regions of that world (see

Rocco Rante

settlement in the Iranian world, including in regards to cities. 2 However, the materials available seems sufficient for the intended investigations, which link water, landscape and urban patterns in historic and modern cities. The paper will present the results of geochronological studies and of

Translator J. Paul

general state of research in the 1960s, which include some questions that still remain relevant today. In the first part of the present essay, Aubin refers to the debate on the Islamic city. The genealogy of the question has been retraced many times, and there is no need to repeat it here. 6 The debate

Richard W. Bulliet

the world lacking any access by water transport. These two distinctions present different historical challenges. Why was the city so big? And how did it sustain its population on a great arid plateau? The city of Ṭūs, 75 miles east of Nishapur, would seem to be a more logical location for a regional

Jamsheed K. Choksy

materials at a site about 12 kilometers north of present-day Yazd city, over an area of around eight square kilometers, indicate settlement going back to the Achaemenid period ‒ though those items have not been linked to the Sagartians or any other specific group. 14 Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder

Mehrdad Amanat and Roy P. Mottahedeh

in the present essay. The history of smaller yet important centers such as Kashan represents a new frontier in city histories for Iran. Although smaller cities did not always escape sack and pillage, such settlements survived as alternate centers towards which displaced people could move. They could

David Durand-Guédy

Tenreiro for the Safavid conquest, thirteen years earlier, would have represented one quarter of the population. 79 (Proportionally, this nears the level of a qatl-i ʿamm ). We can compare the fate of Isfahan to that of Jurjān and Baghdad: in both cases, the destruction at the hand of Timur presented

Ali Shojaee Esfahani

the Global Elevation Model (Fig. 2) and Corona images (Fig. 3). Figure 3A Fortified sites and pre-modern road network at the centre of Isfahan province Source: Corona Photo, Modified by A. Shojaee Esfahani In this report we present the sites grouped in four geographic zones surrounding the metropolis

Jürgen Paul

the ready assumption that nobles resided in cities, and could instead conceive of a ‘noble landscape’. 64 Even administrative buildings ( dār al-imāra ), where present, could be located outside the city proper, particularly in the early Islamic period. 65 Palaces and administrative buildings could