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Duty, Language and Exegesis in Prābhākara Mīmāṃsā

Including an edition and translation of Rāmānujācārya’s Tantrarahasya, Śāstraprameyapariccheda

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Elisa Freschi

The book is an introduction to key concepts of Indian Philosophy, seen from the perspective of one of its most influential schools, the Prābhākara Mīmāṃsā, which flourished from the 7th until the 20th c. AD. The book includes the critical edition and translation of Rāmānujācārya's Śāstraprameyapariccheda, which is part of his Tantrarahasya (written in South India, after the 14th c.). This text has never been translated before and it is one of the clearest elaboration of the Prābhākara thought.

The book particularly aims at presenting the linguistic, deontic-ethic, hermeneutic and epistemo-logical thought of the Prābhākara Mīmāṃsā. Detailed glossary and indexes make it possible to use the book as a reference-tool for Indian philosophy and linguistics.

Between Desire and Passion

Teresa de Cartagena

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Yonsoo Kim

Teresa de Cartagena endured confinement as a nun, affliction as a deaf person, and isolation as an outcast, but she was finally able to dedicate herself to writing and to voice her suffering in her Arboleda de los enfermos. Her second treatise, Admiraçión operum Dey, offers a defense against her male detractors and demands recognition by men and her society arguing that women had the intellect to write. To illuminate Teresa's distinctiveness as an author and a woman, the book locates her place in a line of European women intellectuals, and presents an indispensible dialogue among female European authors of the early modern age. By tracing her predecessors’ literary and philosophical achievements, we can appreciate the multifaceted characteristics of Teresa’s writings.

Anthropology and Authority

Essays on Søren Kierkegaard

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Edited by Poul Houe, Gordon D. Marino and Sven Hakon Rossel

This volume on anthropology and authority in the writings of Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) offers its reader nineteen timely discussions of two fundamental categories pertaining to the literary, philosophical, and theological production of this prominent 19th century Danish thinker, whose vast influence upon 20th century intellectual life continues to grow as the new millennium approaches.
The volume's nineteen contributors - from Canada, Denmark, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, Italy, and the United States - inquire into such complex problematics in Kierkegaard's oeuvre as the interrelationship between the human, the divine, and the spiritual; between the secular and the Christian; between human and Christian love; between state and church institutions and the single individual of faith; and between this individual's concern for quality in civic and religious life and the quantitative forces of modern society's masses and crowds. Special attention is given to the indisputable authority of God, Christ, and the apostles as opposed to the debatable authority, or non-authority, of the author. Of particular interest is the nexus between Kierkegaard's existential and religious concerns, on the one hand, and his intricate textual conceptions, multifarious poetic strategies, and various means of pseudonymous and indirect communication, on the other.
Between the covers of Anthropology and Authority some chapters seek to refine received knowledge of Kierkegaard in such disciplines as theology and moral philosophy. Conversely, other chapters submit rather postmodern critiques of the author's stylistic and rhetorical devices. A summary assessment of the nineteen contributions would fail to recognize this considerable methodological and theoretical diversity. Instead, the reader's access to the smorgasbord of insights has been facilitated by an introduction in which one of the American editors briefly outline the individual contributions on a general historical and intellectual background.
Altogether, the probing insights of Anthropology and Authority go to the core of Søren Kierkegaard's authorship. Individual chapters either update previous responses to the many challenges presented by this work, or the chapters face new challenges and/or present critical challenges on their own.

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Aurica Nutt

After the tsunami on the day after Christmas 2004 representatives of different religious claimed this natural disaster to be a punishment by God. From a Catholic and feminist point of view, this essay explains this phenomenon by the traditional concept of classical theism. This concept is seriously undermined by radical suffering. The article introduces the American theologian Elizabeth A. Johnson as an attempt to imagine the suffering God who is mysteriously present in absence—not as providing a solution to the problem of God and evil but as a more appropriate response, encouraging not only practical consequences but also the hope for the resurrection of the dead. Johnson’s thinking is discussed in conjunction with the awareness of the limits of theoretical reflection.

S. Daniel Breslauer

future. God, understood as the Eternal Thou ever present throughout all time, stands for the idealized pattern of these promises. God as Eternal Thou undergirds the paradigm of a family becoming all that an ancestor contains as potential. 37 Buber considered the oath given to Abraham “the constant

The Myōtei Dialogues

A Japanese Christian Critique of Native Traditions

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James Baskind and Richard Bowring

The Myōtei Dialogues is the first complete English translation one of the most important works of early Japanese Christianity. Fukansai Habian’s Myōtei mondō (1605) presents a sharp critique of the three main Japanese traditions, Buddhism, Shintō, and Confucianism, followed by an explanation of the main tenets of Christianity specifically aimed at a Japanese audience. Written by a convert, it is of importance not merely because it shows us how the Christian message was presented by a Japanese to other Japanese, but also for what it reveals about the state of the three native traditions at the beginning of the seventeenth century.

Theolatry and the Making-Present of the Nonrepresentable

Undoing (A)Theism in Eckhart and Buber

Elliot R. Wolfson

presented to people with images is nothing but a stimulus to God. Know that in God there is nothing but God ( dass in Gott nichts ist als Gott ). Know that no soul can enter into God unless it first becomes God just as it was before it was created. . . . The soul is naked and bare of all things that bear

Jonatan Meir

revelation of esoteric texts and radical interpretations, attempts have been made to obfuscate and tone down certain Bratslav teachings and to present a single straightforward platform. The latter initiative is part and parcel of an intra-Bratslav campaign to eradicate from R. Naḥman’s teachings extreme

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Hisakazu Inagaki and J. Nelson Jennings

Philosophical Theology and East-West Dialogue is a unique philosophical and theological analysis of certain key interactions between Eastern and Western thinkers. The book on the one hand contrasts general traits of Eastern, Buddhist thought and Western, Greek thought. However, in doing so it focuses on influential philosophers and theologians who manifest particular instances of wider issues. The result is a careful examination of basic questions that offers both broad implications and concrete specificity in its approach.
The book itself is an instance of East-West dialogue. Independently of each other both authors had previously engaged in serious cross-cultural studies. The Japanese Inagaki had researched Western science and philosophy, then written in Japanese comparative studies of Japanese thought. The North American Jennings had researched Japanese theology. They brought these backgrounds together, dialoguing with each other until the present study emerged.
Several creative Japanese thinkers, as well as important Westerners, are taken up. The study follows the lead of many Eastern impulses, but it also critically utilizes Western methods. Contemporary thinking on religious plurality is carefully examined. This new study is a must for those interested in philosophy and theology in general, and East-West interaction in particular.