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Edited by Brian Grim, Johnson Todd, Vegard Skirbekk and Gina Zurlo

The Yearbook of International Religious Demography presents an annual snapshot of the state of religious statistics around the world. Every year large amounts of data are collected through censuses, surveys, polls, religious communities, scholars, and a host of other sources. These data are collated and analyzed by research centers and scholars around the world. Large amounts of data appear in analyzed form in the World Religion Database (Brill), aiming at a researcher’s audience. The Yearbook presents data in sets of tables and scholarly articles spanning social science, demography, history, and geography. Each issue offers findings, sources, methods, and implications surrounding international religious demography. Each year an assessment is made of new data made available since the previous issue of the yearbook.

Ampere A. Tseng

Sūtra (地藏菩薩本愿經), and the Mahayana Brahmajāla Sūtra . More details on these vegetarian pledges can be found in a study presented by Tseng (2017: 99, 100). Moreover, various vegetarian feasts are conducted at a wide range of Buddhist celebrations, dharma assemblies, and other occasions. These include

Russell C. Powell

which, if the journey is made well, will be surpassed on the endless path toward unattained but attainable selves. Hence Emerson’s moralism, which Cavell considers a species of perfectionism, “requires that we become ashamed in a particular way of ourselves, of our present stance” (1990: 16), Cavell

Cross-Cultural Comparisons between the Mughal Tomb Garden of Taj Mahal in Agra (India) and the Dry Landscape Garden of the Ryoan-Ji Zen Monastery in Kyoto (Japan)

An Analysis of Cultural and Religious Layers of Meaning in Two Cases of Classical Garden Landscape Architecture

Lourens Minnema

nomads, emphasized this particular trait of the nomadic spirit and made of Nature in Islam a vast garden in which the handiwork of the invisible gardener is ever present.” The Qurʾan often calls nature a ‘book of nature’ that is to be read as full of ‘verses’ or ‘signs’ (the same word ayat ), of

Myriam Martinez-Fiestas, Luis Casado-Aranda, Jessica Alzamora-Ruiz and Francisco J. Montoro-Rios

this relationship can be bolstered if ecological messages with positive images of nature were presented to consumers less engaged with the environment. Identical results were obtained by Shuhwerk and Lefkoff-Hagius (1995). Likewise, Singhapakdi et al. (2000) and Angelidis and Ibrahim (2004) conclude

Strachan Donnelley

morally most attractive ways of curbing population growth: women’s rights and education; economic development for developing countries. But let us not kid ourselves. According to respected biologists, we are already amidst a humanly caused extinction event. The present human population is driving other

Deep Ecologies in the Highlands and Rainforests

Finding Naess in the Neotropics

Eduardo Gudynas

subjects of these rights were conceived from an intercultural perspective and were placed both in ‘nature’ (following western knowledge) and in ‘Pacha Mama’ (following the Andean indigenous concept of a natural-social landscape). Third, the Ecuadorian Constitution presented an additional innovation: that

Kathi Groenendyk and Janel Curry

systems hold together in such a way as to lead to a utilitarian view of nature. Beyond this fundamentalist social group, environmental attitudes were much more complex. Gender di ff erences were present but not substantial. The results of this study began to clarify the elusive concept of stewardship. The

Lisa Newton

preservation. I discuss the sense in which a practical ethics course is necessarily oriented to the adoption of a nor- mative agenda, in this case to making recognition of environmental value part of the requirements of the course, and present some experience from my own uni- versity’s seminar on environmental

Forrest Clingerman

place in the Anthropocene? Connecting the Anthropocene to the “spatial turn” in theology and the humanities more generally, the present essay has two goals. First, departing from usual readings, I suggest that “the Anthropocene” is best understood as a hermeneutical concept—it serves as an interpretive