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African Diasporas in the New and Old Worlds

Consciousness and Imagination

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Edited by Geneviève Fabre and Klaus Benesch

In the humanities, the term ‘diaspora’ recently emerged as a promising and powerful heuristic concept. It challenged traditional ways of thinking and invited reconsiderations of theoretical assumptions about the unfolding of cross-cultural and multi-ethnic societies, about power relations, frontiers and boundaries, about cultural transmission, communication and translation. The present collection of essays by renowned writers and scholars addresses these issues and helps to ground the ongoing debate about the African diaspora in a more solid theoretical framework. Part I is dedicated to a general discussion of the concept of African diaspora, its origins and historical development. Part II examines the complex cultural dimensions of African diasporas in relation to significant sites and figures, including the modes and modalities of creative expression from the perspective of both artists/writers and their audiences; finally, Part III focusses on the resources (collections and archives) and iconographies that are available today. As most authors argue, the African diaspora should not be seen merely as a historical phenomenon, but also as an idea or ideology and an object of representation. By exploring this new ground, the essays assembled here provide important new insights for scholars in American and African-American Studies, Cultural Studies, Ethnic Studies, and African Studies. The collection is rounded off by an annotated listing of black autobiographies.

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Paul D. Wordsworth

Central Asian earth architecture and the geographical focus of the material presented here. Located in the fertile Murgab delta, alluvial soils are well-suited for building in unfired brick and rammed earth, while the lack of substantial woodland fuel near the city renders this technique significantly

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Rolando Melo da Rosa

present”, 9 recollecting an earthen frame of reference and checking its status vis-à-vis Al-Shāfīʿī’s categorization of human actions ( wājib , obligatory; mandūb , recommended but not obligatory; mubāḥ , indifferent but not obligatory; makrūh , disapproved but not forbidden; and ḥarām , prohibited

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Moritz Kinzel

will present findings from Al Zubarah, Freiha, and some other sites in Al Zubarah’s Hinterland ( Fig. 8.1 ) looking into the use of earth in different parts of the building construction. Although earth can be found as mortar and plaster material, wall bricks and as roofing material, there is not much

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Bertrand Poissonnier

family settled in Walata. 15 When the present author arrived on the spot in 2009, it was said that this tomb was to be found in the minaret of the mosque of Djingarey Ber, but no registration was however visible. No medieval architectural descriptions of this first mosque are available. However, Ibn

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François-Xavier Fauvelle, Elarbi Erbati, Romain Mensan and Axel Daussy

existence of several urban groups with different functions and belonging to different periods. 9 Evidence presented in this chapter suggests that the city of Sijilmāsa, even during its urban (i.e. pre-16th century) phase, was always multipolar, its different components themselves being subject to a process

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Atri Hatef Naiemi

in different provinces such as Isfahān, Yazd, Simnān, and Khurāsān. They continue to present a unique settlement pattern in Iran, which is still insufficiently studied by scholars. Despite their common physical characteristics, these complexes exhibit a high level of spatial diversity and complexity

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Adrienn Papp

porticos so these houses turned into the inner courtyards and the front façades were very simple. I would now like to present a few examples of these buildings in Buda. These were totally destroyed and only a few features of them have remained in their original design. During the liberation wars in 1684

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Elizabeth Golden

special status, perhaps giving them an edge over unskilled labour. Niamey 2000 was used not only to introduce CEB construction to the building sector, but also to present the benefits of the material to the general public. Following local preferences, the masonry walls are covered with plaster render

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Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya

architecture in the Sahara. The impact of the environment on architecture does not necessarily reflect only an adaptation to the climate, even if this idea is often primarily put forward while presenting constructions in arid environments. While admittedly, outdoor and indoor temperature differences depend on