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Gadi Sagiv

the role of the tzaddik, the hasidic leader, as the most striking innovation, in both social and spiritual domains. 4 In the following discussion, I propose another aspect of renewal and revival in Hasidism: rituals and ritualization. I argue that hasidic masters added new rituals and reshaped

Naphtali S. Meshel

1. Introduction The ritual manipulation of blood is a recurrent theme in Biblical and other ancient Near Eastern ritual texts, as well as in several post-Biblical texts foundational to Christianity and Judaism. As a result, the ritual application of blood has received special attention in

Ithamar Gruenwald

This book, in many ways the first of its kind, addresses the issue of rituals and their embedded ritual theory, in the religion of ancient Israel. The leading idea of the book is that rituals are a autonomous form of expression of the human mind. The human mind expresses itself in rituals, as it does in language, the arts, and mathematics. Rituals are not performative translations of symbols and ideas, and in religion, of any kind of theology. Theology does not explain how rituals are done and how they accomplish what they claim to do.
The book begins with a general discussion of what rituals are, and argues that the ritual theory of each ritual is not in any general theory of ritual but embedded in the ritual act itself. Every ritual is structured in such a way that its details create the behavioural logic that makes ritual work. The difference is explored between the early and institutionalised phases of the religion of ancient Israel. Here the role of the economic ethos is the focus of the discussion. The book explores the links between myth and rituals, arguing that the connectedness with ritual endows a story with a myth essence. Detailed discussions of various rituals exemplify the major theoretical discourse.
The book is of interest to scholars in the areas of Halakhah (law and ritual), religious studies, and the anthropology of religion.

Rob Kugler

MAKING ALL EXPERIENCE RELIGIOUS: THE HEGEMONY OF RITUAL AT QUMRAN by ROB KUGLER Gonzaga University Summary This study provides a preliminary inventory of the evidence for ritual density and change at Qumran. Then insights from ritual studies and the study of oral-literate cultures are used to

“The Temple which You Will Build for Me in the Land”

The Future Sanctuary in a Textual Tradition of Leviticus

Julia Rhyder

This article examines the addition at Lev 24:1–9 found in fragment 23 of 4QReworked Pentateuch C (4Q365), paying particular attention to the setting of the rituals described in this supplement at a future temple ( בית ) in the land. 1 It analyzes how the addition invokes the language and

Daniel K. Falk

experience in and among worshipers. Several emphases from ritual studies are helpful in thinking about liturgical progression. First, a liturgy means more than it says; that is, although liturgies usually employ words, verbal communication is not the primary function. 3 Liturgy as ritual is a holistic set


Edited by Claudia D. Bergmann and Benedikt Kranemann

Ritual Dynamics in Jewish and Christian Contexts investigates questions that arise in modern ritual studies concerning Jewish and Christian religious communities: How did their religious rituals develop? Where did different ritual communities and their ritual texts interact? How did religious communities and their authoritative texts respond to change, and how did change influence religious rituals? The volume is a product of the interdisciplinary and international research efforts taken by the Research Centre “Dynamics of Jewish Ritual Practices in Pluralistic Contexts from Antiquity to the Present” at the Universität Erfurt (Germany) and unites the voices of important senior and emerging scholars in the field. It focuses on antiquity and the medieval period but also considers examples from the early modern and modern period in Europe

Gerald Klingbeil

-276, esp. pp. 251-252. 3 Ritual studies today are considered to be a valid sub-discipline in biblical studies. Compare here the arguments in J.P. Sørensen, “Ritualistics: a New Discipline in the History of Religions,” in T. Ahlbäck, ed., The Problem of Ritual. Based on papers read at ALTARS, RITUAL AND

Calum Carmichael

THE ORIGIN OF THE SCAPEGOAT RITUAL by CALUM CARMICHAEL Ithaca, New York The origin of the scapegoat ritual in Leviticus xvi has been of compelling interest to scholars. To explain it they go mainly to Hittite and Mesopotamian parallels, emphasize di V erences, and try to convey the general

John B. Geyer

J. B. G eyer , Blood and the Nations in Ritual and Myth .......................... L. J onker , Reforming History: The Hermeneutical Significance of the Books of Chronicles ....................................................................................... W. van P eursen and E. T alstra