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Health and Ritual in Morocco

Conceptions of the Body and Healing Practices

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Josep Lluís Mateo Dieste

In Health and Ritual in Morocco, Josep Lluis Mateo Dieste analyzes the many notions of the body that appear in various Moroccan medical and religious systems. Viewing these issues from anthropological and historical perspectives to the development of Islamic medicine in Morocco, this study highlights the elements of power that define these representations and practices. Mateo Dieste shows that most of the healing rituals challenge the strict division between physical and mental afflictions. Health and Ritual in Morocco provides a valuable structure for understanding Moroccan conceptions of the person, rites of passage, gender differences, and reproductive practices. It offers insights into the weight of the notions of impurity and purification of the body in the daily life of the contemporary Moroccan population.

Le pouvoir de guérir

Mythe, mystique et politique au Maroc

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Zakaria Rhani

Au Maroc, les mythes fondateurs des cultes et rituels de guérison illustrent de manière probante les processus d’élaboration des significations et des dynamiques du pouvoir dans le passé proche et leurs articulations actuelles. Des dynamiques qui se déploient en termes généalogiques, initiatiques et en des capacités socialement reconnues de susciter une communication avec le monde surnaturel. L’analyse centrée sur la confrontation entre saints et rois permet, par ailleurs, d’élargir à la dimension nationale, et au-delà, le rapport, hiérarchique, de conflit et d’articulation entre charisme personnel et charisme sharifien. Le mythe et ses expressions rituelles ouvrent, ainsi, les possibilités du renouvellement sociopolitique par les marges, voire même, dans l’actualité, sous couleur d’une révolution à l’horizon d’un millénarisme du califat.

In Morocco, the founding myths of healing cults and rituals illustrate conclusively the elaboration of the symbolism and dynamics of power, both in local and national contexts. These dynamics unfold specifically in terms of genealogical representations and mystical initiations, as well as in socially-recognized capacities to communicate with the supernatural. The analysis centered on the confrontation of saints and kings permits the expansion, to the national level and beyond, of the hierarchical tensions between personal charisma and sharifian charisma. Thus, the myth and its ritual expressions open up possibilities for socio-political renewal by the margins, or even more a renewal, taking place presently, in the form of a revolutionary millenarianism.

Law and the Islamization of Morocco under the Almoravids

The Fatwās of Ibn Rushd al-Jadd to the Far Maghrib

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Camilo Gómez-Rivas

Law and the Islamization of Morocco under the Almoravids. The Fatwās of Ibn Rushd al-Jadd to the Far Maghrib investigates the development of legal institutions in the Far Maghrib during its unification with al-Andalus under the Almoravids (434-530/1042-1147). A major contribution to our understanding of the twelfth-century Maghrib and the foundational role played by the Almoravids, it posits that political unification occurred alongside urban transformation and argues that legal institutions developed in response to the social needs of the growing urban spaces as well as to the administrative needs of the state. Such social needs included the regulation of market exchange, the settlement of commercial disputes, and the privatization and individualization of property.

The Arabic Literature of Africa Volume 5 (2 vols.)

The Writings of Mauritania and the Western Sahara

Charles C. Stewart and Sidi Ahmed Ould Ahmed Salim

Winner of the 2016 Conover-Porter Award. The prize is awarded by the African Studies Association (ASA) to Outstanding Africa-related reference works, bibliographies or bibliographic essays published in any country, separately or as part of a larger work.

The Writings of Mauritania and the Western Sahara compiles 300 years of literary production, in excess of 10,000 titles by over 1800 authors,who document a vibrant Islamic culture and educational system in a Bedouin society lacking any overarching state. This contradicts our received wisdom about the nature of high Islamic scholarship, and it offers insights into complicated relationships between the authority of the Word and quotidian life in nomadic society. Biographical profiles of the writers and analyses of significant works tell a story of the organic growth of a Saharan scholarly tradition, linked but largely independent of the heartlands, original in its Hassaniyya verse and extensive legal literature, deeply rooted in its Islamic culture.

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Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan

. It is a multilayered film depicting the Jewish community in wartime Tunisia, and tells the story of Myriam’s marriage on the eve of the Nazi invasion. More than just a drama of war and rescue, the film reveals the lifestyle of Maghreb Jews, and more specifically, their wedding rituals. These multiple

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Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan

able to smuggle in dried fruit and recite the blessing over the Sabbath wine, although it was recited symbolically in a group – without wine. Other religious precepts were also observed, such as men’s prayers, and arrangements for weddings and the ritual baths were altered to fit camp conditions

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Emilio Spadola

regulation of public Sufi rituals, and the production of a new national holiday celebrating the ʿAlawite sultan, whom nationalists now named as their “king” (Arabic malik , French roi ). To reiterate, national coherence in the age of mass communication would involve reforming not only social and political

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Virginie Rey

, Charlotte Jelidi (2013, 18) reaches a similar conclusion. She explains that because they are predominantly created to entertain foreign tourists, private museums offer a portrayal of vernacular culture that is more spectacular than real. They always focus on the same rituals whilst other aspects of

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Virginie Rey

symbolism of ritual dishes in Maktar and Kesra, two towns located in the North West of Tunisia. She went on to complete a PhD on culinary practices in Sousse and Tunis, comparing traditional and modern models (Hamzaoui 2006). After teaching for several years, she decided to undertake the entrance exam to

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Yehoshua Frenkel

midwife illuminates. 102 Exchanges of gifts were an integral component of diplomatic practice 103 and the ritual of presenting gifts were key elements. 104 Complying with Mamluk diplomatic protocol, ambassadors were routinely handed gifts at welcoming receptions in Cairo. 105 Often, as is demonstrated