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Edited by Wendy Swartz and Robert F. Campany

Memory is not an inert container but a dynamic process. It can be structured by ritual, constrained by textual genre, and shaped by communities’ expectations and reception. Urging a particular view of the past on readers is a complex rhetorical act. The collective reception of portrayals of the past often carries weighty implications for the present and future. The essays collected in this volume investigate various aspects of memory in medieval China (ca. 100-900 CE) as performed in various genres of writing, from poetry to anecdotes, from history to tomb epitaphs. They illuminate ways in which the memory of individual persons, events, dynasties, and literary styles was constructed and revised through processes of writing and reading.
Contributors include: Sarah M. Allen, Robert Ashmore, Robert Ford Campany, Jack W. Chen, Alexei Ditter, Meow Hui Goh, Christopher M. B. Nugent, Xiaofei Tian, Wendy Swartz, Ping Wang.


Willa Murphy

Catholic sacrament of confession, and in particular the silence and secrecy at the heart of that ritual. In 2011, the Irish government outlined legislation that would impose a five-year prison sentence on priests who failed to report cases of child sexual abuse, even if revealed in confession. Church


Christoph Ehland

constantly reasserted, renegotiated and recalibrated its relationship with the court and the crown with whom it shares the same urban setting. 2 The Lord Mayor’s Shows and Their Texts – A Few Explanations In order to understand the annual ritual of the LMS it is helpful to add a few words of explanation

Bali in the Early Nineteenth Century

The Ethnographic Accounts of Pierre Dubois


Helen M. Creese

In Bali in the Early Nineteenth Century, Helen Creese examines the nature of the earliest sustained cross-cultural encounter between the Balinese and the Dutch through the eyewitness accounts of Pierre Dubois, the first colonial official to live in Bali. From 1828 to 1831, Dubois served as Civil Administrator to the Badung court in southern Bali. He later recorded his Balinese experiences for the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences in a series of personal letters to an anonymous correspondent. This first ethnography of Bali provides rich, perceptive descriptions of early nineteenth-century Balinese politics, society, religion and culture. The book includes a complete edition and translation of Dubois’ Légère Idée de Balie en 1830/Sketch of Bali in 1830.

QIAN Nanxiu

Yu Xin (513–581) was famous for writing muzhiming epitaphs. Of his nineteen extant pieces written for the Xianbei nobles in the Northern courts, thirteen were for women. In this regard, Yu Xin surpassed his contemporary men of letters of the entire Southern and Northern dynasties (420–589), both by quantity and by quality. As the leading man of letters from the South, Yu Xin was retained by the Northern courts for cultural strengthening. His epitaphic writing obviously resulted from the court’s order for this purpose. His emphasis on women was however rooted in his personal experience as well as the intellectual trends and social customs of his time. Influenced by the Wei-Jin (220–420) self-awakening, women in the Southern and Northern dynasties enjoyed relatively more spiritual freedom and less social confinement than their Han predecessors. While this Wei-Jin legacy continued in the South more from the intellectual respect, in the North it found unison from tribal regimes’ inherited esteem for women. Yu Xin’s epitaphs for women clearly combined all these cultural and social influences. Using ornate parallel prose (pianwen) style, Yu Xin wove cultural traditions into Northern women’s daily lives, bestowing these women with collective cultural status as well as intimate personal profiles. The genre of epitaph, as a ritual language, also highly ritualized these women’s social status. Both effectively empowered women in the Northern court. Meanwhile, these works also reflected Yu Xin’s own vision of an ideal womanhood.

Brian Jeffrey Maxson

of texts ultimately deriving from this famous poetry contest. From a different viewpoint, Brian Jeffrey Maxson, ‘The Certame Coronario as Performative Ritual’, Muir Vol. , 137–163, argues that the poetry contest helped quell factional tensions. Other notable interdisciplinary contributions include

Giovanni Ciotti

only, namely the Brahmins, 7 the Saṃhitās, and in particular some of their hymns, contain the formulas that should be mnemonically recited during the rituals. The Mānavadharmaśāstra , possibly the most renowned and influential text on laws and social norms composed in Sanskrit (ca. early 1st

Elisa Freschi

Vedānta) or whether this must be combined with ritual actions (according to the prescriptions of the Brāhmaṇas—the object of Mīmāṃsā). In contrast, Veṅkaṭanātha does not dwell on this issue. Compared to Rāmānuja’s keen interest on his differences from Śaṅkara, Veṅkaṭanātha was not particularly interested

Adam Oberlin

places the first stage of rhoticism in the 6th century (Luzius Thöny, ‘The Chronology of Final Devoicing and the Change of *z to ʀ in Proto-Norse’, 47–62); an account of two extensively inscribed items from a 1972 archaeological expedition on Öland that appear connected to rituals for childbirth, contain

). Mortier/Trousson Vol.: Lumières sans frontières: Hommage à Roland Mortier et Raymond Trousson , ed. Daniel Droixhe and Jacques Ch. Lemaire, Paris, Hermann, 439 pp. Moudří: Moudří milují pověsti, Prague, Charles  U.P. , 2015, 236 pp. Muir Vol.: Rituals of Politics and