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The Anabaptist, Mennonite and Spiritualist Reformation
The radical reformation
Part I also includes polemical writings for and against the Reformed and Catholic Churches. Titles in part II treat the period of Münster, Münsterite Anabaptism itself and the post-Münsterite period as separate subjects. The collection includes all the 16th century books in the Library of the United Mennonite Congregation in Amsterdam, now housed in the Amsterdam University Library.


Robert J. Bast

This volume offers a fresh perspective on the patriarchal ideology of reform in early modern Germany by revealing its roots in a pan-European catechetical program that had endured a cyclical process of growth and decline since the twelfth century, with each new phase sparked by crises in Church and society. Based on sermons, reform ordinances, devotional treatises and especially catechisms, the book explores the programs developed by reformers and codified in works of religious indoctrination designed to fashion godly fathers (real and metaphorical) in home, church, and body politic. The chief product of this program, argues the author, was an ethos of social discipline that permeated the institutions of each major confession, with government gradually empowered to reach more deeply than ever before into the lives of its subjects.

Classics in Russia 1700-1855

Between Two Bronze Horsemen


Marinus A. Wes

The author shows how the history of the classical tradition in Russia cannot be separated from the history of Russia's orientation to Western Europe in general. His book, based on many little-known and previously unexplored Russian materials, is the result of the first comprehensive research on the study of the Greek and Roman classics in Russia, and its sociocultural —utopian as well as ideological— function within the framework of Russian cultural and intellectual history and Russian educational policy from the accession of Peter the Great to the death of Nicholas I.
A tradition does not exist apart from the people who adhere to it and the networks they create in order to ensure some kind of growth and continuity. Therefore the author has ordered his material into an interpretive framework based on a prosopographical approach towards the subject. Among specific writers and poets discussed are Pushkin, Gogol, Goncharov and Turgenev.


Roy McCullough

This is a study of the domestic application of armed coercion during the reign of Louis XIV. It examines the coercive aspects of tax collection, the royal response to tax revolts, and the use of force to convert the king’s Protestant subjects and to wage a devastating counterinsurgency campaign against Protestant rebels in the mountains and plains of Languedoc. Relying heavily on archival sources, the study demonstrates that both the coercive inclination of Louis XIV and the coercive capabilities of the French army have been overstated. This raises questions about some common assumptions regarding the role of the army in the projection of state power and its contribution to the process of state formation in Early Modern France.

Various Authors & Editors

Heinrich Bullinger: Secondary Sources, 1543-1940

Catalog records
In remembrance of the 500th birthday in 2004, IDC has newly cataloged its collection of secondary sources on Heinrich Bullinger, using internationally accepted bibliographic standards that ensure easy and multi-level access. The records that accompany this collection all contain at least one subject or genre heading, such as "Predestination" or "Funeral sermons". If applicable, an entry for a translator or co-author was created as well.
A MARC21 record is available for this collection. These records may be used without any restrictions in your library's online catalog. The titles in this collection have previously been published by IDC in the first part of its series on Reformed Protestantism: Switzerland and Geneva.

Warfare and the Age of Printing (4 vols.)

Catalogue of Early Printed Books from before 1801 in Dutch Military Collections

Edited by Louis Sloos

An important part of the Dutch national treasure of early printed books from before 1801 on military and related subjects is kept in military libraries and collections. This catalogue contains 10,000 books in twelve different languages dated 1500–1800 from nine different Defence institutions/collections, representing both Army and Navy. By far the largest collections are the property of the Royal Netherlands Army Museum in Delft and the Royal Netherlands Military Academy in Breda. A great if not substantial part of these books is especially of international significance because of the contents, the intrinsic value or as historical objects. It took eight years to trace and describe these books, all of which have been given extensive analytical bibliographic descriptions.
The book includes over 2000 illustrations.
The book is a project of the Royal Netherlands Army Museum, Delft


Edited by Westerweel

This volume deals with the interrelation between English and Dutch culture as it emerged in the field of the emblem and the emblem book in the 16th and 17th centuries. The traffic of emblems was mostly from the Low Countries to England. The very first printed English emblem book, by Geffrey Whitney, was printed in Leiden in 1586. One of the last English emblem books to be published in the 17th century, by Philip Ayres (1683) goes straight back to the Dutch love emblem tradition (Heinsius, Vaenius, et al.).
The reasons for this mainly one-way traffic are manifold. For one thing the best engravers and printers were to be found in the Low Countries. For another the Church of England also accommodated adaptations of the highly popular continental Jesuit emblem books of the early 17th century.
The book consists of fourteen original articles, by a wide range of specialists in the field, each of whom addresses a different aspect of the general subject.

Warfare and Belligerence

Perspectives in First World War Studies


Edited by Pierre Purseigle

The essays collected here suggest some of the ways in which an interdisciplinary perspective may contribute to our understanding of the Great War. Contributors examine the relationship between the character of the war and the nature of belligerent societies, and present original research on the comparative history of the First World War. In 1914-1918, the front lines did not only separate warring nations, but also cut across belligerent societies and ultimately determined the social responses to the conflict. Indeed, the ‘totalizing logic’ of the First World War entailed the blurring of boundaries between combatants and non-combatants, soldier and civilian. Subjects included are operational and tactical evolution, social mobilization, military discipline and morale, prisoners of war, veterans and demobilization, religion and politics, war literature and cinema, memory and commemoration.

Contributors: Pierre Purseigle; Patrick Porter; Dennis Showalter; Leonard V. Smith; Nicolas Ginsburger; Elise Julien; Paul Mulvey; Keith Grieves; Leen Engelen; Nicolas Beaupre; Jennifer D. Keene; Elizabeth Fordham; Vanda Wilcox; Heather Jones; Gearoid Barry.
Heinrich Bullinger's Original Publications

The works of Heinrich Bullinger
This collection contains a selection of Heinrich Bullinger's works in Latin and German. In some cases translations of Bullinger's works into Latin, French, German, English and Dutch have been included because of their importance. This selection is of particular value for Reformation research in that Bullinger has always been overshadowed by Calvin and Zwingli. This situation is biased, if not wrong. In the first place, it was Bullinger who saved the Reformation in Zurich after Zwingli was killed at Kappel in 1531. And in the second pace, not only before, but also during and after Calvin (1509-1564), Bullinger can be seen as at least the equal of the Geneva Reformer for Reformed Protestantism as far as his influence and his importance are concerned. The term Calvinism, used as key word, is already found in the mid-sixteenth century in the discussions between the Reformed churches in Rome, Lutheranism, and the Radicals. But this word is misleading, because in this period the Reformed Churches had two main centers and two spiritual leaders, Zurich with Bullinger and Geneva with Calvin. Bullinger and Calvin were friends and companions who had much in common with respect to theology, church organizations, and other ecclesiastical activities, as well as the influence they exerted. All the same, it is by no means justified to describe them both as Calvinists, either from a general point of view or in terms of specific details. But there is above all another reason: Calvin's work has long been and still is a subject of research, whereas Bullinger's theological and ecclesiastical activities and his general importance for church and secular history have received little or no attention.

Far-reaching influence
There have always been some scholars who have argued that Bullinger does not deserve this shadow existence; and more recent studies have confirmed his far-reaching influence and sometimes unique effect before, during and after the time of Calvin. This applies to Bullinger's role in the consolidation and spreading of the Reformed Churches as well as to their constitution, theology and confessions, and also to their influence on the political, economic and social development of large parts of Europe (e.g., the Swiss Confederation, Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain, France and Hungary) and the New World. His influence and impact are seen in roughly 100 publications in Latin and German, the most important of which were reprinted many times and translated into other languages before his death. But this is even more evident from the innumerable still unpublished manuscripts and his unusually large correspondence comprising about 12,000 letters. For several decades, Bullinger's house functioned as a kind of agency where the latest news from all over Europe was collected, analyzed and passed on. And here Bullinger played an advisory role in both ecclesiastical and political matters that could not be treated through the official channels. For the many who needed advice and counsel all over Europe (including Calvin), he was a wise 'oracle' and an energetic helper.

Fritz Büsser

Publication history
Heinrich Bullinger's Original Publications was first published by IDC in 1982 as the first chapter of Reformed Protestantism 1: Switzerland and Geneva. In the past two decades, several works were added to the Bullinger collection, which now comprises 189 titles. Some titles in the present edition have not been issued by IDC before. Although the majority of the books was filmed from the rich holdings of the Zentralbibliothek Zurich, the collection includes works from seven other libraries as well.

During the last 46 years, IDC has amassed a 'library' of well over 800,000 items on the Arts, Philology, History of Science, Economics & Social Sciences, History, Jewish Studies, Religion, Law, and Area Studies. Of course, it would be impossible to catalog all these materials according to the standards mentioned above. However, some collections qualify for 'retroconversion' because they have proven to be of high importance to the scholarly community worldwide. Another criterium is the prominent place they take within any of the major disciplines IDC is active in. Such is the case with Heinrich Bullinger, who is one of the key figures in Reformed Protestantism, a series that is regularly supplemented by IDC. The choice for Bullinger also emanates from the fact that in 2004 the 500th birthday of the Zurich Reformer is celebrated. If the availability of MARC records leads to renewed interest in the Bullinger microfiche collection, other parts of the Reformed Protestantism series will likely be re-cataloged as well.

Subject access
All bibliographic records in this collection contain at least one subject or genre heading, such as "Lord's Supper" or "Sermons." If applicable, an entry for a translator or co-author was created as well. IDC Publishers gratefully acknowledges its debt to Prof. Dr. Fritz Büsser, who reviewed all bibliographic descriptions and made sure all access points are correct. Thanks to his expertise, the richness in access points offers scholars an opportunity for deeper levels of information.