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Forough Jahanbakhsh

This volume focuses primarily on the question of the compatibility of Islam and democracy. It highlights the contribution of seven prominent pre- and post-revolutionary Iranian religious thinkers on the subject. Situating the discussion in its specific religious context, the book critically examines those elements that are usually referred to as democratic norms in Islamic tradition. It also provides, for the first time, an exposition of the emergence of religious intellectualism in post-revolutionary Iran, focusing on the ideas of its leading figure, Abdolkarim Soroush. His discussion of religious democratic government presents a paradigm shift in the Muslim modernists' discourse on the issue.
The book also delineates the intellectual component of the current reformist movement in Iran and sheds light on the challenges that the pro-democracy movement has to overcome.

Sacred Law in the Holy City

The Khedival Challenge to the Ottomans as seen from Jerusalem, 1829-1841


Judith Mendelsohn Rood

The Muslim community's political and socio-economic role in Jerusalem under Ottoman administration during 1830s is analyzed in this volume from a natural law perspective. A bitter political contest between Sultan Mahmud II and Muhammad Ali Pasha resulted in the military occupation of Syria and imposition of a brutal new political and legal regime which crushed the indigenous elites of southern Syria. Through a careful analysis of the archives of the Islamic law court of Jerusalem, the study offers a fresh appraisal of how the Ottoman Empire ruled Jerusalem and considers the Muslim response, elucidating the reasons for the breakdown of their relations with non-Muslim Ottoman subjects and differentiating the Ottoman understanding of law and government from that of their enemies, the Wahhabis.

The Twelver Shia in Modern Times

Religious Culture & Political History


Edited by Werner Ende and Rainer Brunner

This volume - grown out of an international conference at Freiburg University in 1999 - deals with various aspects of Shiite Islam since the 18th century. It is divided into two major parts, the first of which is dedicated to traditional institutions of theology and learning and their transformation in modern times. The second part treats internal debates and the activities of Shiite dissidents, showing that Shiism is far from being uniform. Ideological and political developments in the 20th century and especially the Islamic Revolution in Iran have shaped the image of modern Shiism more than any other tendencies and are therefore also discussed in greater detail in Parts three and four.
This book reflects the state of the art in this field of Islamic studies, its 21 contributions covering three centuries and a vast geographical range.


Edited by Mardin

Cultural Transitions in the Middle East deals with the interlacing of themes constitutive of traditional cultures and world-views in the Middle East with concepts and outlooks that have originated in the modern Western World. A number of Muslim thinkers who are indigenous products of the Middle East cultural setting have now begun to use some of the forms of modern Western literature and social thought. Conversely, some intellectuals trained in modern secular schools have attempted to reevaluate their Islamic heritage. The papers cover aspects of this subtle interpenetration which has not been explored to date.

Living Shi'ism

Instances of Ritualisation Among Islamist Men in Contemporary Iran


David Thurfjell

This book is about Iranian Islamism on grass-roots level. It provides a vivid, near-life portrait of young activist men who uphold this movement through their zealous support of revolutionary ideals and the present regime. It is based on interviews with a group of volunteers in the Iranian home guard movement known as basij during a period of four years. By focusing on beliefs and rituals of individual persons, it gives a unique picture of the shifting motifs behind Islamist engagement in today’s Iran.
The book contextualises the interviewed individuals within the wider framework of Iranian society and relates their stories to a discussion on ritual, emotion, embodiment and authority. It is of interest to anyone who seeks to understand the multifaceted driving forces behind Shi’ite Islamism today.

Islam in South Asia

A Short History


Jamal Malik

Islamic South Asia has become a focal point in academia. Where did Muslims come from? How did they fare in interacting with Hindu cultures? How did they negotiate identity as ruling and ruled minorities and majorities? Part I covers early Muslim expansion and the formative phase in context of initial cultural encounter (app. 700-1300). Part II views the establishment of Muslim empire, cultures oscillating between Islamic and Islamicate, centralised and regionalised power (app. 1300-1700). Part III is composed in the backdrop of regional centralisation, territoriality and colonial rule, displaying processes of integration and differentiation of Muslim cultures in colonial setting (app. 1700-1930). Tensions between Muslim pluralism and singularity evolving in public sphere make up the fourth cluster (app. 1930-2002).

Itzchak Weismann

influential hadith scholar Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī, the harbinger of ISIS Abū Muṣʿab al-Zarqāwī and the jihadi scholars Abū Qatāda al-Filasṭīnī and Abū Muḥammad al-Maqdisī (the latter is the subject of Wagemakers’ previous book). Still, most of them embraced Salafism elsewhere: Al­bānī in Syria, Maqdisī in

Vanessa Martin

role in the building of national identity, a point that has been made before. Helbig, however, refines it by pointing out that, with the passage of time, the photographic imagery of the Revolution became subject to various embellishments and evolved into commemorative icons which enabled a collective

Nabil Hage Ali

the political context. 50 Thus, the coercion model applies mainly during times of strength and open struggle. The coercion model also applies when daʿwa activity resumes after the formation of the state and, thus, may fall under the subject matter of amr bi-l-maʿrūf wa-l-nahy ʿan al

Mahmoud Haddad

whether the consular body was prepared to admit the alleged pretention of the Porte. 60 After receiving a favorable answer from the consuls, Midhat informed them that the previous instructions were waived regarding subjects of the Porte only, but not for foreigners. As the head of the province