serve the banks that it joins. These inscriptions do not reflect Southeastern Europe’s complex realities, and they seek to silence and render invisible the Southeastern European subject, while maintaining its visibility vis-à-vis a constructed, simultaneous discourse of otherness and inclusion. A survey
Eralda L. Lameborshi
, the Ottoman Bosnia was an obsessive subject. Superficially, Andrić’s treatment of the subject is “realistic” and “historical,” but at a deeper level his works model a metaphorical and often somber vision of the world – the world of oppression, subjugation and slow suffering. That being said, it is
Shaden M. Tageldin
,” translated as “World Literature” (Tagore “World Literature”). In his original essay, the text of an address he delivered on 9 February 1907 before the National Council of Education ( NCE ) in Kolkata, Tagore had declared, “ Comparative Literature is the English title you have given to the subject I have
Pheng Cheah and David Damrosch
, the discourse about cosmopolitanism became dogmatic because it took something for granted, namely, the equation of world with human intersubjective intercourse. For if the world is constituted through circulation, then what puts things into circulation are human subjects. Here, the reference points
The Rise and Fall of Empires in Richard Flanagan’s The Narrow Road to the Deep North
rising (Japan) and declining (Britain and the Netherlands) empires and by historical forces. Moreover, the map highlights how the ebb and flow of such imperial powers is an overlapping phenomenon, with various regions being subject to oppositional empires at simultaneous or adjacent moments in time. In
House Symbolism and Sufism in Elif Shafak’s The Flea Palace
’s observations, I think that her criticism misses the point. As a fiction writer Shafak takes the liberty to fashion her subject according to her and her readers’ needs. By popularizing Sufi mysticism as a gentle, spiritual version of Islam, which shares its core dogmas with Christian religions, Shafak’s novels
Anticlimax and the Real of World Literature
portion of our subjects’ reality [ réel ] that escapes us” (5). Facing the Real of world literature would mean not analyzing it as an organized system, but rather focusing on moments that flee our grasp and that we might not know how to name. Let’s start with the example of multilingualism that might seem
societies were no longer connected through kinship but only through an “enlarged sphere of social action” and “centralised force,” they were subjected to the forces of universalisation, centralisation, and unification. The main characteristic of world literature is thus its “severance from defined social
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as well as a semantic redundancy.” In the latter, meanwhile, “world literature studies” runs the risk of pluralizing its subjects “in(to) a communicative entropy” (Fohrmann Weltgesellschaft 615, my translation). Lest literary works fall victim to such arbitrariness, the attempt is sometimes