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Fang Xudong (方旭东)

good precepts, no one would remonstrate with the monarch on this subject. It can be deduced from this opinion that Mencius certainly considered the king of Qi unqualified to consult on the precepts of benevolence and righteousness. However, this would imply that Mencius regarded his ruler as being

The Heavens are High and the Emperor is Near: An Imperial Power System that is Open to the People

The Interaction and Representation of the Complicated Relationship between the Emperors and the People in Qin and Han Dynasties

Lei Ge

the relation between the emperor and the officials, which itself was in turn subordinate to the relation between the emperor and the people. An official is first the emperor’s subject, and only then is he empowered to represent the emperor to rule the people. If he self-assertively speaks for the

Wenxin Chen and Tianbi Gao

During the final phase of a declining political order, during troubled times, or under other exceptional circumstances, concord between outsider scholars and political authority is easily ruptured. The psychology of scholars and certain actors who were subject to the same “authority” pressure thus came to rest on a common foundation. Zhang Dai’s Recollections of Tao-an’s Past Dreams (Tao’an mengyi 陶庵夢憶) can be seen as a manifestation of the relationship between scholars and actors in troubled times. Through a deep analysis of the text of “Dream Recollections of Tao An,” we can see scholars beginning to have an emotional appreciation for the independence and individuality of the actors. At the same time, a certain self-consciousness of the actors was awakened, whereby the actors provided spiritual and material support to the scholars during this difficult period. The performance of many scholars in amateur theatrical shows also meant that the status of low-ranking scholars and actors was not significantly different. This new scholar-actor relationship is inseparable from the thought, politics and economics of the late Ming and early Qing period, and should be understood in just such a context.

Zhang Jinguang †

king’s land,” “the king’s subjects,” and “the king’s power.” These are the three guiding principles for state power in ancient China, with the king’s land being the paramount principle. These three principles are of the same nature. They collectively define the ultimate and ever-present state power

Jiang Wentao

at the turn of the twentieth century. Rojas uses Jacques Lacan’s mirror-stage model in subject formation, which means that at a stage of infancy an external representation of the body through a mirror or mirror-like medium affects the infant’s conceptualization of the self, or “I,” to talk about

incorporated in the literary canon became an important topic of literary research in 2016. Numerous writers and scholars discussed subjects such as the standards of contemporary Chinese literature, its position in history, practical questions involved in it, and its future. Works such as Wenhua de zhuangui

Shuchen Xiang

1 Introduction Through a comparative look at Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms (henceforth, PSF ) and the genealogy of the PSF , we will see, first, that the Cassirean subject/the sage in the Xici 系辭 is a functional subject that orders phenomena into coherence through symbols of its own

Liu Zehua

powers (political power, clan power, paternal power, husband power, religious power, trade association power, economic subject power, etc.), the king’s power was the ultimate power. Sixth, in daily social life the king’s power works as a social hinge, especially in the aspects of personal control

Lianshan Chen

makes the anthology’s subject clear from the very first sentence of his introduction: “A myth is a sacred narrative explaining how the world and man came to be in their present form.” 1 He regards the word “sacred” as the most important term in the definition of myth, thereby excluding all other

Li Zhi’an

In the last decade, quite a lot of Chinese scholars have become increasingly interested in the reforms of the Tang and Song Dynasties. While discussions on this subject have proliferated in Mainland China, American scholars have devoted their attention to the investigation of the “Song