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Francis Kofi Abiew

The topic of humanitarian intervention has become increasingly significant since the end of the Cold War. Despite a substantial body of literature on the subject in the past, recent developments justify a contemporary study of the subject.
This book is not only timely, given the crises which have occasioned United Nations interventions over the past several years, but enduring, as international political structures undergo stress and reform, and as international law and international relations theorists grapple with the sovereignty/intervention problem. It defends the emergence of a right of humanitarian intervention and argues that state sovereignty is not incompatible with humanitarian intervention. After a thorough review of historical precedents, the book concludes by assessing contemporary developments in terms of sources of support for intervention on humanitarian grounds.

Edited by M. Kuijer and M.K. Bulterman

The symposium Compliance with Judgments of International Courts was held in Leiden on 7 October 1994, on the occasion of the presentation of a Liber Amicorum to Professor Henry G. Schermers. The subject, Compliance with Judgments of International Courts, was discussed by eminent speakers of the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Communities. The topic is one of great practical importance and an almost undeveloped area of jurisprudence. While most national legal orders employ centralized mechanisms for the enforcement of judgments, such mechanisms are generally lacking at the international level. This raises particular problems which were highlighted during the symposium. The contributions of individual speakers as well as the discussions during the conference are incorporated in this book. The different contexts in which the three international courts are faced with the problem of compliance, and the different experiences of the courts in regard to compliance with their judgments, provide an opportunity to compare and to learn. Discussion on a subject of such practical importance constitutes a small but valuable contribution to the development of general international law.

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Howard Charles Yourow

The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in the Dynamics of European Human Rights Jurisprudence is the first full-length monograph to treat this subject, which is of central importance to the interpretation and application of the European Convention on Human Rights. It will enrich the understanding and appreciation of judges, advocates, civil servants, scholars, researchers, students, and indeed of anyone whose life and work is affected by national and international human rights adjudication.
This thorough and learned analysis synthesizes the work of the Strasbourg judicial organs, proceeding in the light of the ongoing debates on the appropriate place of the margin doctrine in the Strasbourg jurisprudence. The author's rich conclusions add texture and perspective to the future judicial and scholarly dialogues which will no doubt continue to surround this subject matter.
The text is eminently readable, written in a clear and precise style to be appreciated by the novice and specialist alike. The newcomer to human rights and to the Convention will find it an inviting introduction to complex material; the expert will gain new and expanded insights into the development of the case law rarely to be found in this breadth and depth.

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Geert-Jan Knoops

This innovative book provides an incisive, knowledgeable and comprehensive study of the promises and limitations of the emerging phenomenon of surrender of individuals to international criminal courts, such as the International Criminal Court of the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Court of Rwanda (ICTR), and the International Criminal Court (ICC). It is the first study on this area.
The author analyses the distinctions and similarities with international extradition norms and persuasively establishes the international legal confinements of the surrender concept and the role of states and NATO-forces within this concept. In developing an international uniform framework for the surrender of individuals to international criminal courts, the author meticulously examines the Statutes of the ICTY, ICTR and ICC as well as their case law on this subject in conjunction with that of the European Court of Human Rights.


Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Edited by Sjef Theunis

This publication describes and analyses the role of non-governmental development organizations (NGDOs) of the Southern hemisphere. It is primarily intended as a text for interested outsiders -- such as officials of UN-organizations, politicians, civil servants and scientists -- but it will also contribute to self-knowledge and self-reflection among members of the NGO community. After a brief introduction, the reader is introduced to a substantial number of non-governmental development organizations from three continents by means of organizational portraits, written by the NGDOs themselves.
Each contribution is prefaced by a brief description of the organization, and all address the following basic subjects:- Development -- for whom, by whom? - The NGDO's objectives and strategies - Organizational structure - North-South cooperation - The NGDO's achievements - Staff motivation.

Edited by Cyrille J.C.F. Fijnaut and Leo Huberts

Integrity and corruption have become important issues in the practice and theory of politics, public administration, law, economics and social life. Consequently, they have also become significant topics for law enforcement organisations. Indeed, these organisations play a crucial role in the struggle against corruption in society, and, in order to do that, their own integrity must be beyond doubt.
This volume, with contributions by 35 authors from 13 countries in five continents, offers a comprehensive overview of "corruption, integrity and law enforcement". The related papers were presented at the Second Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity that took place in The Hague in May 2001. The content and extent of the problem of corruption are presented via case studies from individual countries. Furthermore, corruption and integrity in the law enforcement system itself are highlighted, and the legal instruments that are available to combat corruption and to safeguard integrity are discussed. Special attention is paid here to independent institutions that operate in several countries. Finally, several contributions focus on the global dimension of the subject: the international organisations and initiatives that play an important role in the world-wide struggle against corruption. This volume is therefore of great relevance for policy makers and academic researchers, as well as for practitioners.

Stuart Maslen

Anti-Personnel Mines under Humanitarian Law: A View From the Vanishing Point considers in depth the various customary and conventional legal regimes applicable to the use of anti-personnel mines. All involved with the global effort to control and eliminate anti-personnel mines as well as the policy-makers who are concerned about the devastation resulting from the widespread deployment of these arbitrary weapons need to familiarize themselves with the information presented in this timely volume.



Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

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Dennis Dijkzeul

In which ways do UN organizations carry out their multilateral development cooperation individually, as well as in cooperation with other organizations? This study answers this question from a public- management perspective. Such a perspective has rarely been used in the study of international organizations. In particular, the theoretical topics of governance, program management, and coordination in and among UN organizations are reviewed. More research on management may lead to adaptations within the UN system or information which will neutralize ill-founded criticism. An improved understanding of the internal functioning of UN organizations may enhance their efficiency and impact. Moreover, sometimes member states have such high expectations that the UN system cannot live up to them. In this way, UN members regulate their own disappointments with the UN system. A critical assessment of the limitations under which the UN organizations operate may prevent some of these high hopes and thus forestall some member state dissatisfaction.
This study deals in particular with the United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and their coordinated behaviour in the Joint Consultative Group on Policy (JCGP). This work will interest and be useful for managers in multilateral organizations and academics studying the functioning of these organizations.

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United Nations

Fully indexed, the 1995 edition of the Yearbook is the single most current, comprehensive and authoritative reference publication about the work of the United Nations, other international organizations and related bodies. The book is designed not just for use by diplomats, officials and scholars but also by other researchers, writers, journalists, teachers and students.
The year 1995 was a remarkably eventful one for the United Nations and in the conduct of international relations. This volume of the Yearbook details the activities of the United Nations, its many organs, agencies and programmes, working together to rekindle a new form of multilateral cooperation for a better world. It records the diverse and globe-encompassing activities of the United Nations and its enduring efforts to deal with the world's pressing concerns, particularly matters of international peace and security, disarmament, human rights, the settlement of regional conflicts, economic and social development, the preservation of the environment, control of drugs and narcotic substance abuse, crime prevention, adequate shelter, youth and the ageing and humanitarian assistance for refugees as well as disaster relief.