The ‘Air of Liberty’

Narratives of the South Atlantic Past

Series:

Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger

The Caribbean imagination as framed within a Dutch historical setting has deep Portuguese-African roots. The Seven Provinces were the first European power, in the first half of the 17th century, to challenge the Iberian countries directly for a share in the slave trade. This book analyzes the philosophy underlying this transoceanic link, when contacts with Africa started to be developed.
The ambiguous morality of the ‘air of liberty’ governing the Afro-Portuguese past had its impact on the creole cultures (white, black, Jewish) of the Dutch territories of Suriname and Curaçao. Although this influence is gradually disappearing, it is astonishing to witness the engagement with which writers and visual artists have interpreted this heritage in their different ways. Recent narratives from Angola and Brazil offer an appropriate starting-point for an examination of strategies of self-representation and national consolidation in works by authors from the Dutch Caribbean. In order to reveal this complex historical pattern, the (formerly) Dutch-related port communities are conceived of as cultural agents whose ‘lettered cities’ (Ángel Rama) have engaged in critical dialogue with the heritage of the South Atlantic trade in human lives.
Artists and writers discussed include (colonial period): Caspar Barlaeus, David Nassy, Frans Post, and John Gabriel Stedman; (modern period): Frank Martinus Arion, Cola Debrot, Gabriel García Márquez, Albert Helman, Francisco Herrera Luque, Boeli van Leeuwen, Tip Marugg, Alberto Mussa, Pepetela, Julio Perrenal, and Mário Pinto de Andrade.

Republic of Latvia Latvijas Republika Capital: Riga (Population estimate, 2013: 645,000) Head of State:Raimonds Vejonis National Flag: Three horizontal bands fesswise, maroon, white, (half width) and maroon. ConstitutionThe country became independent after the First World War and was recognised by

State of Qatar Dawlat Qatar Capital: Doha (Population estimate, 2015: 995,000) Head of State:H.H. Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al-Thani (Sovereign) National Flag: Maroon; a white stripe pale-wise at the hoist, with a serrated edge of nine and a half points. ConstitutionQatar is a fully independent

Valdina Oliveira Pinto and Rachel E. Harding

quilombos , African maroon communities inside the forest. From that point until now, guided by our oral tradition, Candomblé communities have increased in number, and today in Brazil you will find what we call “nations” of Candomblé. What is a nation of Candomblé? A nation of Candomblé is a group that

Andrew Brennan

in exile. His writings reveal, however, that he is more than this. Likewise, Havel tells us his Czechness is given, along with the fact that he is a man, or has fair hair. I too am an exile - a Scot marooned in the Perthly paradise. For exiles, the condition has the potential for liberation and self

Freya Mathews

presence within matter, pursuing a mirage of alluring yet empty, uninhabited and ever-changing images and abstractions, the camera-decked, laptop-lugging modern may, in the privacy of his individual psyche, struggle to escape his existential maroonment and seek to 'make sense of things'. He does so by

Daniele Serapiglia

had become smaller through commercial air travel. 5 In South America and in Europe, the death of the players of the Grande Torino provoked general commotion. Some clubs like San Lorenzo recalled their death by wearing the granata (maroon) shirt in the matches in the wake of the airplane accident