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Roger Dingman

with the tanks that proved crucial to the success of his blitzkrieg during the opening weeks of the war. Cumings also neglects the fact that KPA military doctrine, as developed and refined between 1946 and 1950, emphasized armored offensive warfare as Stalin had waged it against Nazi Germany rather

Heather Peters

scholars and Tai villagers who helped her during this period. References Cited Arnold, Bettina (1990). “The past as propaganda: Totalitarian archae- ology in Nazi Germany.” Antiquity 64: 464–478. Banks, David (editor) (1976). Changing Identities in Modern Southeast Asia . The Hague: Mouton Publishers

James I. Matray

History is littered with examples of powerful nations inflicting upon themselves wounds ranging from the damaging to the catastrophic. For example, Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered the invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 for the purpose of completing Nazi Germany’s conquest of the continent

A Completely Star Performance?

Australian Minister Richard Gardiner Casey in Washington, March 1940-March 1942

Peter Mauch

.S. “friendship” and it was Casey’s task to “do much to improve” that friendship. 1 Specifically, Casey pursued a two-fold objective: U.S. support for Britain in its struggle for survival against Nazi Germany and a U.S. guarantee to protect Australian security. Casey left his Washington post in March 1942—to

W. Puck Brecher

eventual alliance with Nazi Germany’s Adolf Hitler and fascist Italy’s Benito Mussolini, and culminated in the nation’s self-destructive continental wars and inevitable defeat. Indeed, in Paine’s estimation the fundamental cause of World War ii , both in Europe and the Pacific, was “the Axis bid to

Wang Xiaofei

intense racism and demonization of the Japanese than the Nazis. While the Germans were shown as enemies, the Japanese were depicted as something even worse. Peggy Terry, a fi lmgoer who worked in a Kentucky defense plant during the war, observed that in the fi lms she saw “Th ere’d be one meanie, a little

John C. Maraldo

to things Japanese and subsequent disillusionment. I fi rst came across Herrigel’s infl u- ential book and works by the great popularizer of Zen, D. T. Suzuki, as a graduate student of philosophy in Germany in the late 1960s and became so intrigued with Zen and Japanese ways of thinking that I decided

Roger Dingman

’s son in Washington through the constraints of internment and on to an adventurous two months’ journey back to Japan. He had felt the rise in tensions between America and Japan when Jewish girls, who had fl ed with their parents from Nazi Germany, taunted him because his country was “beating up” China

Stephen D. Chiabotti

reasons. First, Nazi ideology w a s incapable of sustained coalition ef- f o r t - p o l i t i c a l , military, or intellectual. Second a n d related, a procliv- ity for " A r y a n physics" a n d persecution of the Jewish minority h a d d e p r i v e d Germany of the essential intellectual h o r s e p o

John W. Huston

suffered t h r o u g h o u t the entirety of World War IJ.5 These incendiary attacks against Japanese population centers represented a major d e p a r t u r e from the stated American philosophy and for the most p a r t the an- nounced practice of the AAF against German-controlled Europe dur- ing the