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Dick de Mildt

In the Name of the People explores the profile of the perpetrators of Nazi genocide as reflected in postwar German trial sentences. It investigates their social background, their `route to crime', and their role in the Nazi extermination apparatus. In addition, it studies the postwar prosecution of these genocidal criminals in West Germany. It describes and analyses the obstacles, `bottlenecks', and omissions in the prosecuting policies and presents their statistical record. It examines the way in which postwar German courts dealt with these criminals by an in-depth study of the trial sentences against two specific groups of genocidal perpetrators: the `Euthanasia' and ` Aktion Reinhard' killers. Through a scrutiny of the argumentation of the various courts' sentences in these cases, it presents a detailed picture of the grounds for acquittal, conviction and punishment. It discusses the controversial differentiation of `murder' and `complicity in murder' with regard to these genocidal perpetrators and highlights the ways in which the courts handled complicated questions, such as acting under superior orders, duress, and coercion. The study is intended for a readership consisting of historians, sociologists, criminologists, legal experts and others interested in the `fieldworkers' and modus operandi of the Nazi genocide and Germany's postwar judicial reaction to it.

For the Sake of Humanity

Essays in Honour of Clemens N. Nathan

Edited by Alan Stephens and Ralph Walden

For the Sake of Humanity is a collection of essays in honour of Clemens N. Nathan, a man occupying a remarkable position in the public life of the United Kingdom. Over a period of several decades, he has stimulated and facilitated discussion, research and study on a striking array of topics, including international organisations, Human Rights, interfaith relations and the Holocaust and German-Jewish history - as well as in his own area of professional expertise: textile science and technology. His approach has been characterised by academic rigour, social concern and a commitment to historical truth, along with an adventurous and innovative spirit. All these qualities are also to be found in this collection of essays by his friends and admirers, to produce a truly fascinating book, with new insights into many topics, and a number of chapters destined to become classics in their fields. Above all, it is an erudite and charming volume, full of surprises!

Jacqueline S. Gehring

-sponsored violence against the Roma reached its zenith as part of the Holocaust. In an attempt to rid Europe of what Himmler termed the ‘Gypsy Plague’, Roma were rounded up into Nazi camps, from which many were sent to extermination camps. Many other Roma in eastern Europe, were executed immediately by

Anna Błuś

Minority Treaties offered only de jure protection to persons belonging to national minorities 140 and did not apply in Western European states, such as Germany, for instance. 141 Leading up to and during the Second World War, depriving Jews of citizenship enabled the Nazi regime to freely displace them

Holger Hoffmann

Reichsland of Braunschweig, where the Nazi party was in power from 1930, did that favour to him. It was on the basis of the same Act that later on German Jews and political opponents to the Nazis were denaturalised. When Germany was newly constituted by the Allies in a democratic way after the Second World

Rehabilitation for the Jewish Victims of the Holocaust

Sixty Years of the Claims Conference, the Scope of Reparations, and the Changing Nature of Rehabilitation

Clemens N. Nathan

restitution agreements negotiated by the Claims Conference (The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany). Since those first negotiations in 1952, the Claims Conference has been the primary international advocate for Jewish victims of Nazi oppression, fighting for their rights and providing

case of Priebke v. Italy . Summary of the facts From  the applicant, who was a Nazi officer, was the head of the German police in Rome under the orders of his colonel. Following an attack by Italian resistance fighters which resulted in the death of thirty-two German soldiers, he directed the

Onder Bakircioglu

circumstances of the present case where Germany unmistakably admitted its responsibility for the Nazi atrocities of 1943 and 1945. What is more, the ICJ did not elaborate on how the victims of the said crimes would be compensated, who are now effectively denied justice in large part due to Germany’s financial

Ursula Kriebaum

. Ruckstellungsgesetz)44 concerned the restitution of property seized by the German Reich that was administered after the war by the Republic of Austria or one of its federal states. · The Second Restitution Act (2. Ruckstellungsgesetz)45 dealt with property seized during the Nazi regime which after the war had become