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For the Sake of Humanity

Essays in Honour of Clemens N. Nathan

Edited by Alan Stephens and Ralph Walden

For the Sake of Humanity is a collection of essays in honour of Clemens N. Nathan, a man occupying a remarkable position in the public life of the United Kingdom. Over a period of several decades, he has stimulated and facilitated discussion, research and study on a striking array of topics, including international organisations, Human Rights, interfaith relations and the Holocaust and German-Jewish history - as well as in his own area of professional expertise: textile science and technology. His approach has been characterised by academic rigour, social concern and a commitment to historical truth, along with an adventurous and innovative spirit. All these qualities are also to be found in this collection of essays by his friends and admirers, to produce a truly fascinating book, with new insights into many topics, and a number of chapters destined to become classics in their fields. Above all, it is an erudite and charming volume, full of surprises!

Roser Cussó

’s supervision over policies of the great powers in former German and Ottoman Empire territories. The great powers could not simply annex these territories, and they were asked to render a report on their actions taken there. 1 A system for the protection of minorities was also placed under the supervision

Jacqueline S. Gehring

-sponsored violence against the Roma reached its zenith as part of the Holocaust. In an attempt to rid Europe of what Himmler termed the ‘Gypsy Plague’, Roma were rounded up into Nazi camps, from which many were sent to extermination camps. Many other Roma in eastern Europe, were executed immediately by

Moshe Shner

victims to the Nazi “Final Solution of the Jewish Problem”, and on 5 August 1942, he and the entire orphanage of 192 children and about 10 staff boarded the train that took them to the Treblinka death camp. However, when we go beyond the dark curtain of the Holocaust, we encounter a world-known campaigner

Matt Watson

life. For instance, within even relatively linguistically homogeneous nations we can find an expansive range of individual worldviews, including, in the case of each nation, localised cultures that fit poorly with accepted national stereotypes, such as the subcultures of French neo-Nazis, German

Anna Błuś

Minority Treaties offered only de jure protection to persons belonging to national minorities 140 and did not apply in Western European states, such as Germany, for instance. 141 Leading up to and during the Second World War, depriving Jews of citizenship enabled the Nazi regime to freely displace them

Michelle Coleman

represented an important progression from the trials of the Middle Ages and that the Universal Declaration should specifically endorse a right rejected by Nazi Germany. 6 icc Statute Art. 66. 7 Ibid .; ictr , Prosecutor v. Mbarushimana , Case No. ICC-01/04-01/10-51, Pre-Trial Chamber I, Decisions on

Holger Hoffmann

Reichsland of Braunschweig, where the Nazi party was in power from 1930, did that favour to him. It was on the basis of the same Act that later on German Jews and political opponents to the Nazis were denaturalised. When Germany was newly constituted by the Allies in a democratic way after the Second World

Rehabilitation for the Jewish Victims of the Holocaust

Sixty Years of the Claims Conference, the Scope of Reparations, and the Changing Nature of Rehabilitation

Clemens N. Nathan

restitution agreements negotiated by the Claims Conference (The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany). Since those first negotiations in 1952, the Claims Conference has been the primary international advocate for Jewish victims of Nazi oppression, fighting for their rights and providing


people. 6 The Nazis abolished fed- eralism and made Germany a centralized, absolutist, and essentially arbitrary and lawless state. 1.2. The development of the German police since 1945 Between 1949, the year that the Basic Law was adopted, and 1990, the year of the German reunification, the western