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Protest or Propaganda

War in the Old Testament Book of Kings and in Contemporaneous Ancient Near Eastern Texts


Aarnoud R van der Deijl

In this study, the war stories from the Old Testament book of Kings are compared to ten extrabiblical texts. Narratological analysis is applied to deconstruct the ideology of the respective literary compositions. The Old Testament ideology of war seems to be neither typically Israelite, as Gerhardt von Rad put it, nor commonly Ancient Near Eastern, as Manfred Weippert thought it to be. This poses the question whether the reading experience of biblical war stories is so very different from, for instance, Assyrian royal inscriptions, both in terms of its literary value and its ideological bias. Narratological analysis turns out to be a strong tool for explaining the similarities and distinctive features of the respective texts.

Collective and Individual Responsibility

A Description of Corporate Personality in Ezekiel 18 and 20


Jurrien Mol

A long discussed theme concerning Ezekiel 18 and 20 is the relationship between collective and individual responsibility. In the first half of the twentieth century the discussion appeared to end as a result of the introduction of the corporate personality by Henry Wheeler Robinson (1872-1945). This concept became heavily discussed and was dismissed on the grounds of its superseded theoretical basis. The continuing use of the concept requires a redefinition and a new theoretical basis which is provided by the multimodal framework by Geoffrey Samuel from the field of cultural anthropology. Before applying the concept, Ezekiel 18 and 20 are studied extensively relative to textual criticism, philology, grammar, and structural analysis.


Edited by Alberdina Houtman, Tamar Kadari, Marcel Poorthuis and Vered Tohar

In Religious Stories in Transformation: Conflict, Revision and Reception, the editors present a collection of essays that reveal both the many similarities and the poignant differences between ancient myths in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and modern secular culture and how these stories were incorporated and adapted over time. This rich multidisciplinary research demonstrates not only how stories in different religions and cultures are interesting in their own right, but also that the process of transformation in particular deserves scholarly interest. It is through the changes in the stories that the particular identity of each religion comes to the fore most strikingly.

David Frankfurter

apocalyptic Protestantism, demons in the ancient and late antique Mediterranean world were rarely “evil” but rather hovered in a zone of uncertainty and ambivalent power. Indeed, even when in history religious authorities have insisted that some supernatural being be regarded as utterly evil, like the Devil

- mitted to the protestant theological faculty of Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich under the direction of Eckart Otto. The author acknowledges at the outset that he is committed to Otto’s Pentateuchal hypothesis, 1 which is that the Pentateuch grew out of a process of supplementation that began with