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Hübinger, Gangolf

Süchting-Hänger, Andrea

parcels” for soldiers at the front.; A second group that should be noted are the confessional women’s unions, whose war work fell within the framework of diakonia. Whereas Catholic women’s unions usually joined the National Women’s Service, the largest Protestant women’s union, for example, organized its

If God Is with Us

The Religious Culture of the U.S. Air Force

Tim Cathcart

sound indoctrination in both a personal religion and a military religion via its Academy. Harrington cites the religious makeup of Air Force Academy cadets in 1997 as being “75% Protestant, 24% Catholic, and 1% other (Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Pantheist)” ( Harrington 1999 , 146). After further

Caleb Karges

“to Spain with a Protestant fleet, surrounded by Protestant soldiers”. 13 This last point had implications that went far beyond the domestic politics of Spain, Charles’ reliance on British military and financial aid gave the British significant leverage in determining strategy in the Western

Carmen Winkel

the Prussian colours from the middle of the 18 th century. 60 However, Brandenburg had already embarked on influencing Protestant imperial princes since the end of the 17 th century, thereby creating for itself a successful client system within the empire. 61 The increasing attractiveness


Edited by Gearóid Barry, Enrico Dal Lago and Róisín Healy

This edited volume examines the experience of World War I of small nations, defined here in terms of their relative weakness vis-à-vis the major actors in European diplomacy, and colonial peripheries, encompassing areas that were subject to colonial rule by European empires and thus located far from the heartland of these empires. The chapters address subject nations within Europe, such as Ireland and Poland; neutral states, such as Sweden and Spain; and overseas colonies like Tunisia, Algeria and German East Africa. By combining analyses of both European and extra-European experiences of war, this collection of essays provides a unique comparative perspective on World War I and points the way towards an integrated history of small nations and colonial peripheries.
Contributors are Steven Balbirnie, Gearóid Barry, Jens Boysen, Ingrid Brühwiler, William Buck, AUde Chanson, Enrico Dal Lago, Matias Gardin, Richard Gow, Florian Grafl, Dónal Hassett, Guido Hausmann, Róisín Healy, Conor Morrissey, Michael Neiberg, David Noack, Chris Rominger, Danielle Ross and Christine Strotmann.

“What Are They Observing?”

The Accomplishments and Missed Opportunities of Observer Missions in the Nigerian Civil War

Douglas Anthony

average, 120 tons of cargo per night, and had handled twice that amount. Most was relief materials that arrived from São Tome on planes operated by Caritas and several Protestant organizations known collectively as Joint Church Aid, but there were arms shipments as well. 16 PRO DO  186 / Eastern

Kai Filipiak

-1648), the imperial generalissimo Johann Tserclaes Tilly (1559-1632) led his army against Magdeburg in 1631. The city was stormed and pillaged by the troops of the Catholic League and almost completely destroyed. Seven years later, the Protestant general Duke Bernhard von Sachsen Weimar (1604-1639) took