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Jaska Kainulainen

This book is an intellectual biography of the Venetian historian and theologian Paolo Sarpi (1552-1623). It analyses Sarpi's natural philosophy, religious ideas and political thought. Kainulainen argues that Sarpi was influenced by Neostoicism, Neoepicureanism and the sixteenth-century scientific revolution; that Sarpi was a fideist and Christian mortalist who, while critical of the contemporary Church of Rome, admired the purity of the early church. Focusing on Sarpi’s separation between church and state, his use of absolutism, divine right of kings and reason of state, the book offers a fresh perspective on medieval and reformation traditions. It will be of interest to those interested in early-modern intellectual history and the interplay between science, religion and politics in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century political discourse.

Conflicting Values of Inquiry

Ideologies of Epistemology in Early Modern Europe


Edited by Tamás Demeter, Kathryn Murphy and Claus Zittel

Historical research in previous decades has done a great deal to explore the social and political context of early modern natural and moral inquiries. Particularly since the publication of Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer’s Leviathan and the Air-Pump (1985) several studies have attributed epistemological stances and debates to clashes of political and theological ideologies. The present volume suggests that with an awareness of this context, it is now worth turning back to questions of the epistemic content itself. The contributors to the present collection were invited to explore how certain non-epistemic values had been turned into epistemic ones, how they had an effect on epistemic content, and eventually how they became ideologies of knowledge playing various roles in inquiry and application throughout early modern Europe.

R.J.W. Mills

thought-provoking ways intended to persuade not alienate. Hobbes avoided aligning himself with any one Protestantism, and rather aimed to encourage his readers to do hard Hobbesian thinking themselves about Christianity. Elad Carmel explores the use of Hobbesian thought by the English deists Charles

Gianni Paganini

Part Four of Leviathan , dedicated to the “kingdom of darkness,” digs a chasm between Protestantism and Catholicism. Certain passages of his work reflect the reasoning of the “Independents” against the theocratic temptation of the Presbyterians. His method of investigating the Scriptures is indebted