Ji-Hyung Cho

This paper examines the historical relationship between the Little Ice Age and the Anthropocene, which has not yet been studied. The Little Ice Age is the coldest multi-century period in the Holocene. The reforestation of huge farmlands, abandoned due to pandemics in the Americas, aggravated the cooling weather of the Little Ice Age. It was in the long and severe cold of the Little Ice Age that the transition from renewable energy to non-renewable energy was completed in Britain in the latter part of the eighteenth century, and when the pattern of linear growth in greenhouse gas concentrations was forged in the ecosystems of the Earth. The Little Ice Age forced humans to depend on fossil fuels while the advent of warmer and more stable climate in the Holocene enabled them to start agriculture in an energy revolution 11,000 years ago, thus making the coming of the Anthropocene possible.

Dennis O. Flynn

measured is logically excluded from analysis. Avoidance of the study of physical accumulation renders conventional supply-demand analysis unscientific. A prominent Big History scholar states: It is surprisingly difficult to find a satisfactory answer to the simple question of what matter and energy are

George Dehner

decline that marked many of the early wilderness-centered environmental studies. Sutter cautions, however, that there is a danger that a tendency toward particularism could sidetrack the development of the field by channeling energy into more intensely focused environmental inquiries on discrete topics

Patrick Manning

available energies in every participating nation or colony were applied to the war effort. Scientific studies suffered during the war, except for the medical and public health discoveries that were made on battlefields or on the home front. 1945–1980: Decolonization, Social Welfare, and Biomedical

Emily Baum

causes: an imbalance of yin and yang , a depletion of qi (vital energy), an excess of emotion, the influence of environmental factors, demonic possession, or simply overuse of the cognitive faculties. Depending upon the perceived source of the disorder, families may have treated the patient in a

Ewout Frankema

of photosynthesis that requires high degrees of light-energy, but modest amounts of carbon dioxide in order to grow most efficiently. This makes maize particularly suitable for rapid growth in tropical environments, with high temperatures and varying rainfall conditions. In addition, beans and pulses

Yinghong Cheng

Manning will continue to tackle them with the energy and optimism that have characterized his impressive career. References Manning , Patrick . 1982 . Slavery, Colonialism and Economic Growth in Dahomey, 1640–1960 . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Manning , Patrick . 1996

Kelly Hacker Jones

needles into the human body by piercing the skin of the body, for the purposes of controlling and regulating the flow and balance of energy in the body” (Edwards 1974). Whereas other institutions—including the ama , discussed below—sought to define acupuncture in Western terms, the state of Nevada came

PENG Bangben

Dujiangyan irrigation system of more than 2000 years history is a symbol of originality of Chinese ancestors both in its conception and project mode. It is still working well and benefit Chengdu Plain nowadays while other comparable water conservancy projects of the same or later age have vanished and been forgotten. More than just a world-famous cultural heritage, it shows the harmonious relationship between man and nature. And it also reveals us how to solve problems in the era of economic globalization, such as the constantly silt up of the dams, the exhaustion of the energy and the crisis of the deterioration of ecosystem. The inspirations it gives us range from technology to humanities, from economy to various aspects in social life. In a word, Dujiangyan irrigation system demonstrates the wisdom and creativity of Chinese people and has a universal significance despite the change of time and space.

Nicole Richardson

emotionality relate directly to the female reproductive system in one way or another. First, women’s blood is described as different from and weaker than men’s blood: Women’s blood is not as strong as men’s blood. Blood contains things with energy called red blood cells. It is said that for every cubic meter