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E. Khayyat

letters and orthography to make Arabic letters rather more Turkish or more suitable for the so-called phonetics of Ottoman-Turkish; and finally the search for alternatives to Arabic letters for the ever-growing Turkish literary public—these issues consumed considerable intellectual energy in the late

Matthew Melvin-Koushki

sciences like geomancy ( raml ), letter divination ( ǧafr ) or letter magic ( sīmiyāʾ ) are more epistemologically slippery and polyvalent; they investigate the interaction of celestial-mathematical entities with sublunar elemental energies, or spirit-body relationships ( rūḥ fī ǧasad ), 45 and so


Edited by Malena Chinski and Alan Astro

Splendor, Decline, and Rediscovery of Yiddish in Latin America presents Yiddish culture as it developed in an area seldom associated with the language. Yet several countries—Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico and Uruguay—became centers for Yiddish literature, journalism, political activism, theater, and music. Chapters by historians, linguists, and literary critics explore the flourishing of Yiddish there in the early 20th century, its retraction in the 1960’s, and contemporary endeavors to rescue this marginalized legacy.
Topics discussed in the volume include the literary figures of the “Jewish gaucho” and the peddler, the regional Yiddish press, the communal struggle against trafficking in women, cultural responses to the Holocaust, intra-Jewish conflict during the Cold War, debates on assimilation versus tradition, and emergent postvernacular Yiddish.

"The editors explain the renewed interest in—or 'revival' of—Yiddish in Latin America from the 1980s on as part of a broader global phenomenon. This volume sheds light on that phenomenon, while also being a part of it." - Amy Kerner, Brown University, in: Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina 30.1 (2019)


Joshua Schwartz

-Jewish world of material culture? Can the study of Christian archaeology and material culture help? Unfortunately this is not the case since the study of Christian archaeology is still very monument oriented and still expends much energy on actively seeking archaeological confirmation of the New Testament

Y. Tzvi Langermann

[of taking the drug] has been established. [18] Indeed, most people do not protect themselves against anything at all after becoming accustomed. [19] They find a great deal of sexual energy. They are excessive in sexual indulgence, but it does not harm them. [20] For most, but especially for those who

Michael Ebstein

occurs when He wants to descend upon you ( al-nuzūl ilayka ) and causes your heart to seek to alight at His [presence, al-nuzūl ʿalayhi ]. [Your] mental energy ( al-himma ) then moves in a spiritual, gentle manner in order to alight at His [presence]; the meeting with Him ( al-iǧtimāʿ bihi

Matter and Nature

On the Foundations of Avicenna’s Theory of Providence: an Overview

Olga L. Lizzini

precisely in so far as he renews it). 15 At the same time, they reveal the Neoplatonic inspiration of Avicenna’s philosophy. The idea of matter as pure reception is clearly to be understood in the light of the Neoplatonic idea of emanation (and donation): if the flux signifies energy, i.e. the capacity to


Catherine Hezser

contrast to his competitors, who may have pointed to their own holiness and super-human qualities, Paul merely states that divine power supports him in his teaching, that he can tap this energy whenever necessary. In 2 Cor 12:1–5 he is similarly cautious in connection with claiming visions and revelations