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ARTICLES J. B. HANNIGAN and C. H. McMILLAN (Ottawa, Canada) The Soviet-Iranian Gas Agreements: Nexus of Energy Policies, East-West Relations, and Middle East Politics* The overthrow of the Shah in 1979 brought to a close a period in Soviet- Iranian relations which had seen the rapid development

In: The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review
Energiewende im Badezimmer 1880-1939
Die Arbeit untersucht den Wandel der Energienutzung im Privathaushalt am Beispiel der Körperpflege in Deutschland. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei Geräte zur Warmwasserbereitung, die als Bestandteil komplexer Ordnungen wie Wohnen und Energieversorgung untersucht werden. Die Autorin nimmt dabei einen Zeitraum in den Blick, als in Deutschland weder Badezimmer noch moderne Geräte zur Warmwasserbereitung bereits massenhaft im Haushalt Verbreitung gefunden hatten. Doch wurden Anwendungsmöglichkeiten für den privaten Haushalt diskutiert und ausprobiert. Auch flossen die ersten Erfahrungen von Nutzern in die Entwicklung von Geräten oder Konzepten für den Massenwohnungsbau ein. Durch die Einbeziehung von Egodokumenten und weiteren Hinweisen auf die Aneignung der Geräte im Privathaushalt kann die Weiterentwicklung insbesondere der elektrischen Warmwassergeräte als Aushandlungsprozess zwischen Herstellern, Energieversorgungsunternehmen und Nutzern beschrieben werden.

date of the Wuhan uprising (the nineteenth of the eighth month) and the solar date of the Republican Unification ( minguo tongyi ) (February 15) 28 in order “to console the spirit of the dead, to create the energy of the living, and to shed light on the righteousness of illuminating the martyrs and

In: War and Memorials

in 1929, though it buoyed Nazi electoral support, did little to fill the party’s coffers. Rivalries and turf battles within the Leadership Corps consumed the energy of would-be policy makers. By 1932 three separate departments would claim control of legal-political matters. Foreign policy planners

In: Beyond "Ordinary Men"

projects. The sources on which this chapter relies thus offer a rare window onto a largely unknown and unstudied slave-labour system. In certain respects, the decisions taken by Scheu and others overlapped with the energies and impulses of Nazi anti-Jewish policy more generally. In filling the camp

In: Beyond "Ordinary Men"

to explain to friends and colleagues why I was devoting my energies to it. Despite telling them that Professors Yehuda Bauer and Yisrael Gutman, two of the most well-respected historians in the field, had urged me to examine this topic, they were not persuaded. I continuously encountered variations

In: Beyond "Ordinary Men"

attitude toward the regime’s racial policy and genocide. 20 Michael Wildt and Ulrich Herbert delineated the characteristics of a young generation of university-trained völkisch ideologues who imparted so much energy to the Nazi cause. 21 And scholars revisited Adolf Eichmann, finding someone who had

In: Beyond "Ordinary Men"

not differ from his masters. But De Froe was exceptional by his energy and by his mania for numbers.” (Idem, p. 389). The research of Ariëns Kappers from before the war was redone by De Froe “on a much broader basis and in a more extension way” (Idem) or about the 1943 report: “The result of this

In: Victims and Perpetrators

-definitions; no hints about actions to be taken under the prevailing circumstances to alleviate the plight of the readers. The Jewish Council not only advised against everything, but worked hard to avoid any kind of action and put its energy into appeasing the Germans and smoothing the path for the

In: Victims and Perpetrators