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Nada Al-Duaij

This timely study examines how the environmental impact of modern warfare violates fundamental principles of international environmental and humanitarian laws and why these consideration need to be included in rules of armed conflict. If direct attacks on innocent civilians are universally recognized as unacceptable then environ-mental devastation of their habitat by acts of war must also be recognized as an unacceptable consequence of armed conflict.

The author presents the case that the international community understand its responsibility to curb environ-mental consequences of modern weaponry and incorporate environmental concerns into the conventions regulating armed conflict.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.


Karen Hulme

In the recent past the horrors of war have been demonstrated all too vividly. Who would have believed that after Nuremberg there would be any further need for war crimes tribunals, or for the creation of an international criminal court? But, whilst people in conflict countries suffer the mental and physical scars from military bombardment, they also suffer the silent legacy of environmental pollution. The world functions as one large ecosystem: the contamination of one element inevitably feeding into another. Pollution in peacetime has been greatly reduced, but what is the wartime cost to the environment?
Wartime weaponry and tactics are strictly controlled by the principles of humanitarian law, but international law can be a slow creature. Are our militaries using weapons today that violate the current laws of armed conflict? Or need new controls be drafted to deal with the environmental, and inevitably human, consequences of modern warfare? The book seeks to analyse the issues surrounding the protection of the environment in times of armed conflict, and to pose questions as to its adequacy and efficacy. But the focus is not simply upon the interpretation of the legal provisions in isolation; instead, the analysis establishes a benchmark standard of environmental harm against which the adequacy and efficacy of the legal provisions can be measured. At the centre of the analysis are a number of case studies tackling the most modern weapons and tactics, including the legality of depleted uranium weapons and cluster bombs, the validity of striking chemical weapons facilities and oil installations, and the responsibility for explosive and non-explosive war debris.

Edited by Jonas Ebbesson, Marie Jacobsson, Mark Adam Klamberg, David Langlet and Pål Wrange

The traditional conception of security as national security against military threats has changed radically since the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945. The perceived nature and sources of threats have been widened as well as the objects of protection, now including individuals, societies, the environment as such and the whole globe. In International Law and Changing Perceptions of Security the contributors reflect on whether and how changing concepts and conceptions of security have affected different fields of international law, such as the use of force, the law of the sea, human rights, international environmental law and international humanitarian law.

The authors of this book have been inspired by Professor Said Mahmoudi to which this Liber Amoricum is dedicated.

Jonas Ebbesson, Marie Jacobsson, Mark Klamberg, David Langlet and Pål Wrange

Human Rights and Climate Change

Protecting the Right to Life of Individuals of Present and Future Generations

Julie H. Albers

Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law , 2016, vol. 34, no. 2, p. 1. 6 M. Loth, ‘Climate Change Liability After All: A Dutch Landmark Case’, in Tilburg Law Review , 2016, no. 21, p. 5. 7 O. Spijkers, ‘The Urgenda Case: A Successful Example of Public Interest Litigation for the Protection of the

Neil Melvin

The role for Cooperative Security in energy conflicts Neil Melvin 1 Recent years have seen a remarkable transformation in the importance that energy relations play in states and societies around the globe. At least since the onset of modern forms of mechanized warfare, energy has had a strong