J.B. Hannigan and C.H. McMillan

ARTICLES J. B. HANNIGAN and C. H. McMILLAN (Ottawa, Canada) The Soviet-Iranian Gas Agreements: Nexus of Energy Policies, East-West Relations, and Middle East Politics* The overthrow of the Shah in 1979 brought to a close a period in Soviet- Iranian relations which had seen the rapid development

Tanya Richardson

’s affiliates were complicit he was increasingly isolated in Odessa and directing more energy to building a country-wide movement. 153 Two key advisors (Borovik and Masha Gaidar) had stepped down a half a year earlier because their citizenships did not permit them to be formally employed in the state

Andrei V. Keller

отношений Брежнева и Брандта. 2 См. о российско-германском энергетическом сотрудничестве: Смирнов С.В. У истоков российско-германского энергетического взаимодействия (70-е годы xx в.) // Вестник МГИМО, 2011, № 2, с. 193–201; Frank Bösch, „Energy Diplomacy: West Germany, the Soviet Union and the Oil

Irina Morozova

energy sector are inter- preted as an attempt to establish corporate elite according to the Kazakh and Russian model. Keywords Kyrgyzstan, post-socialist institutional innovations, political elites, corporate elites, power models, Ak Zhol Introduction In all post-socialist countries of Central Asia a

Andrei P. Tsygankov

confronta- tional and has not returned to the era of Primakov's balancing the United States' power in the world. Instead, Russia has sought to capitalize on its new economic recovery and energy competitiveness and break into Western eco- nomic markets, while maintaining political stability and an

Vladimir Gel’man

and well-respected analyst and consultant on energy policy, he first gained major international scholarly recognition almost a quarter century ago with the publication of his book Crisis Amid Plenty (Princeton University Press, 1989), which studies the oil boom and bust in the late Soviet Union

Christopher J. Ward

“‘Masculine Friendship’? Willy Brandt and Leonid Brezhnev in the Context of the Energy Dialogue between West Germany and the ussr , 1970–1973” by Professor Andrei V. Keller of Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation). This article was originally scheduled to appear in spsr 43.1 (2016

Lars Rowe

, but it did manage to reorder the Khibiny environment into something unprecedented” (p. 114). Such change required not only influx of machinery but also the expenditure of vast amounts of human energy, which needed reliable refueling. We are presented with one of the few protein sources naturally

Michael O. Slobodchikoff

states was energy. Russian oil and natural gas reserves were plentiful. Further, Russia had the necessary infrastructure (namely pipelines) to export natural resources to fsu states that did not have their own reserves such as Ukraine and Moldova. In fact, between 1991 and 2005, Moldova imported 98% of

Marlene Laruelle

geography of the region. As often occurred, the Soviet regime largely underestimated the human and environmental costs of these processes. The last chapter is devoted to the post-Soviet revival of interest in the Arctic region, which is driven by the Kremlin’s quest for new energy resources in sub